DR MICHAEL MOSLEY: Can eating too much be a sign your body lacks nutrients?

[ad_1] For most people, the past 12 months have been really tough, but some businesses have thrived — it seems 2020 was a fantastic year for supplement manufacturers, with nearly £500 million in UK sales, up a record 14 per cent compared with 2019. We swallowed their products in record numbers partly because we’re all […]

How does the brain flexibly process complex information? — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] Human decision-making depends on the flexible processing of complex information, but how the brain may adapt processing to momentary task demands has remained unclear. In a new article published in the journal Nature Communications, researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Human Development have now outlined several crucial neural processes revealing that our brain […]

Team builds better tool for assessing infant brain health — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] Researchers have created a new, open-access tool that allows doctors and scientists to evaluate infant brain health by assessing the concentration of various chemical markers, called metabolites, in the brain. The tool compiled data from 140 infants to determine normal ranges for these metabolites. Published in the journal NMR in Biomedicine, the study describes […]

Two novel biobanks offer investigatory targets for cocaine and oxycodone addiction — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] A major hurdle to developing new and effective treatments for drug addiction is better understanding how exactly it manifests itself before, during and after chronic use. In a paper published online in the April 21, 2021 issue of the journal eNeuro, an international team of researchers led by scientists at University of California San […]

New technique models brain cells in older patients more accurately than ever before — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] Despite the prevalence of Alzheimer’s, there are still no treatments, in part because it has been challenging to study how the disease develops. Now, scientists at the Salk Institute have uncovered new insights into what goes awry during Alzheimer’s by growing neurons that resemble — more accurately than ever before — brain cells in […]

Impaired drainage also may play a role in Alzheimer’s in people — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] Experimental Alzheimer’s drugs have shown little success in slowing declines in memory and thinking, leaving scientists searching for explanations. But new research in mice has shown that some investigational Alzheimer’s therapies are more effective when paired with a treatment geared toward improving drainage of fluid — and debris — from the brain, according to […]

‘Jelly’ that could renew damaged knee joints

[ad_1] An injection of jelly could help treat worn-out joints. Scientists hope the jab, using jelly found in donated umbilical cords, will stimulate the growth of cushioning cartilage once injected into the knees of patients with osteoarthritis. Tests on animals suggest the jelly — called Wharton’s jelly — can potentially reverse damage to joints caused […]

Removing ‘garbage’ from brain cells improves memory in mice — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine have designed an experimental drug that reversed key symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease in mice. The drug works by reinvigorating a cellular cleaning mechanism that gets rid of unwanted proteins by digesting and recycling them. The study was published online today in the journal Cell. “Discoveries in mice […]

Repurposed drug works by building cells’ skeleton and transportation network — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] A simple dietary supplement reduces behavioral symptoms in mice with a genetic mutation that causes schizophrenia. After additional experiments, including visualizing the fluorescently stained dancing edge of immature brain cells, researchers concluded that the supplement likely protects proteins that build neurons’ cellular skeletons. The supplement betaine was first isolated from sugar beets and is […]

A gene finding links severe canine juvenile epilepsy to mitochondrial dysfunction — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] In a study conducted at the University of Helsinki, researchers found a cause for severe epilepsy resulting in death in Parson Russell Terrier puppies at a few months of age. A change in the PITRM1 gene can lead to a dysfunction of mitochondria, the cellular energy pumps. Concurrently, amyloid-β accumulation and widespread neurodegeneration associated […]

The new model may have applications for studying and predicting a range of dynamical systems — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] The dynamics of the neural activity of a mouse brain behave in a peculiar, unexpected way that can be theoretically modeled without any fine tuning, suggests a new paper by physicists at Emory University. Physical Review Letters published the research, which adds to the evidence that theoretical physics frameworks may aid in the understanding […]

Tiny implantable tool for light-sheet imaging of brain activity — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] Tools that allow neuroscientists to record and quantify functional activity within the living brain are in great demand. Traditionally, researchers have used techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging, but this method cannot record neural activity with high spatial resolution or in moving subjects. In recent years, a technology called optogenetics has shown considerable […]

Dr MAI THI NGUYEN-KIM on the hidden chemistry that rules our lives and loves

[ad_1] As a chemist, sometimes I feel like the mother of an ugly child whose beauty only I can see ‘Chemistry’ is more than just a throwaway word when discussing relationships. In fact, it is key not only to what’s going on around us but also inside our bodies, as a compelling new book explains.  […]

Author HORATIO CLARE describes the truth of being sectioned

[ad_1] Those whom the Gods would destroy, the old saying goes, they first make mad. But it wasn’t the Gods who drove me to madness and destruction. It was me, writes Horatio Clare Those whom the Gods would destroy, the old saying goes, they first make mad. But it wasn’t the Gods who drove me […]

Coronavirus does not infect the brain but still inflicts damage, study finds — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, likely does not directly infect the brain but can still inflict significant neurological damage, according to a new study from neuropathologists, neurologists, and neuroradiologists at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons. “There’s been considerable debate about whether this virus infects the brain, but we were unable […]

New study reveals brain basis of psychopathy — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] According to a Finnish study, the structure and function of the brain areas involved in emotions and their regulation are altered in both psychopathic criminal offenders and otherwise well-functioning individuals who have personality traits associated with psychopathy. Psychopathy is a personality disorder characterised by persistent antisocial behaviour, impaired empathy, and bold, disinhibited and egotistical […]

Researchers find clues to sex differences in autism — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] It is well established that autism occurs much more frequently in boys than in girls, and that girls seem to have a greater resilience to developing the condition. It has been unclear, however, why that is. In a new Yale-led study, researchers find that autism may develop in different regions of the brain in […]

Health campaign style is as important as content, research suggests — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] Most young women already know that tanning is dangerous and sunbathe anyway, so a campaign informing them of the risk should take into account their potential resistance to the message, according to a new study. Word choice and targeting a specific audience are part of messaging strategy, but there is also psychology at play, […]

New study explains why you should look at your food before casting judgment — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] The order in which your senses interact with food has a tremendous impact on how much you like it. That’s the premise of a new study led by the University of South Florida (USF). The findings published in the Journal of Consumer Psychology show that food tastes better if you see it before smelling […]

Toxic gas in the brain may increase your risk of developing dementia 

[ad_1] Levels of a toxic gas in the brain could influence whether or not we get dementia and epilepsy, a study reveals. The gas, hydrogen sulfide (H2S), is created inside the body in small doses – and is perhaps best known for carrying the torrid smell of rotten eggs.   H2S is produced in the brain and […]

Toxic gas in rat brains shows potential for new dementia treatments — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] A potential treatment for dementia and epilepsy could look to reduce the amounts of a toxic gas in the brain has been revealed in a new study using rat brain cells. The research published in Scientific Reports today [Wednesday 14 April] shows that treatments to reduce levels of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in the brain […]

Potential mechanistic link shown between Traumatic Brain Injury and Alzheimer’s disease — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] Violent blows or jolts to the head can cause traumatic brain injury (TBI), and there are currently about five million people in the U.S. living with some form of chronic impairment after suffering a TBI. Even in a mild form, TBI can lead to lifelong nerve cell deterioration associated with a wide array of […]

Leaking calcium in neurons an early sign of Alzheimer’s pathology — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] Alzheimer’s disease is known for its slow attack on neurons crucial to memory and cognition. But why are these particular neurons in aging brains so susceptible to the disease’s ravages, while others remain resilient? A new study led by researchers at the Yale School of Medicine has found that susceptible neurons in the prefrontal […]

Spanking may affect the brain development of a child — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] Spanking may affect a child’s brain development in similar ways to more severe forms of violence, according to a new study led by Harvard researchers. The research, published recently in the journal Child Development, builds on existing studies that show heightened activity in certain regions of the brains of children who experience abuse in […]

Biologists investigate effects of bisphenols on nerve cells — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] The plasticisers contained in many everyday objects can impair important brain functions in humans. Biologists from the University of Bayreuth warn of this danger in an article in Communications Biology. Their study shows that even small amounts of the plasticisers bisphenol A and bisphenol S disrupt the transmission of signals between nerve cells in […]

Aluminum is intricately associated with the neuropathology of familial Alzheimer’s disease — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] A new study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease Reports continues to support a growing body of evidence that aluminum contributes to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Researchers found aluminum co-located with phosphorylated tau protein, which is an early initiator of AD. This study builds upon two earlier published studies (including Mold […]

Brisk walking 5 times a week may combat brain aging, study suggests

[ad_1] A brisk walk around the block several times a week could do wonders to preserve a healthier mind – as well as body – as you age, a new study suggests.    In a year-long study conducted by University of Texas, Southwestern, researchers found that middle aged and older Americans scored higher on cognitive tests […]

Britain’s Covid cases drop by 13% in a week to 4,654 while deaths rise slightly to 23

[ad_1] Britain’s daily Covid cases have dropped 13 per cent in a week with 4,654 more infections today, official figures have revealed.  Deaths have risen slightly to 23 — up from 17 last Monday. But the Department of Health’s official fatality toll relies on registrations, meaning day-to-day counts can fluctuate.  Experts would be baffled by […]

EVE SIMMONS: Are these fitness influencer poses the best way to encourage young girls to exercise?

[ad_1] Browsing Amanda Finnie’s Instagram page, I’m not quite sure where to look. In one video, she is posing in a pair of mini-avocado print knickers – and little else. She turns around to give viewers a close-up of her perfectly rounded, exposed buttock which remains on screen for ten seconds. Finnie is an athlete, […]

Study in mice shows lasting effects of early-life habits — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] Exercise and a healthy diet in childhood leads to adults with bigger brains and lower levels of anxiety, according to new UC Riverside research in mice. Though diet and exercise are consistently recommended as ways to promote health, this study is the first to examine the long-lasting, combined effects of both factors when they […]

Key brain molecule may play role in many brain disorders — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] A team led by scientists at the UNC School of Medicine identified a molecule called microRNA-29 as a powerful controller of brain maturation in mammals. Deleting microRNA-29 in mice caused problems very similar to those seen in autism, epilepsy, and other neurodevelopmental conditions. The results, published in Cell Reports, illuminate an important process in […]

Social isolation results in changes of behavior and activity of immune and stress genes — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] Ants react to social isolation in a similar way as do humans and other social mammals. A study by an Israeli-German research team has revealed alterations to the social and hygienic behavior of ants that had been isolated from their group. The research team was particularly surprised by the fact that immune and stress […]

Mutations to Dyrk1a gene lead to brain undergrowth; an existing drug rescues the condition in newborn mice — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] Damage to the autism-associated gene Dyrk1a, sets off a cascade of problems in developing mouse brains, resulting in abnormal growth-factor signaling, undergrowth of neurons, smaller-than-average brain size, and, eventually, autism-like behaviors, a new study from Scripps Research, Florida, finds. The study from neuroscientist Damon Page, PhD, describes a new mechanism underlying the brain undergrowth […]

Functional PLD3 protein is linked to fewer beta-amyloid plaques and less cognitive decline in patients — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] A rare and controversial mutation in the phospholipase D3 (PLD3) protein — previously linked to Alzheimer’s disease — interferes with PLD3’s vital recycling function inside neurons. Matthew Schrag of Vanderbilt University Medical Center and colleagues report these new findings in a paper published April 8th in PLOS Genetics. About 1 percent of people with […]

Study findings may help explain patients’ complaints of poor concentration and other cognitive symptoms that accompany sinusitis — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] The millions of people who have chronic sinusitis deal not only with stuffy noses and headaches, they also commonly struggle to focus, and experience depression and other symptoms that implicate the brain’s involvement in their illness. New research links sinus inflammation with alterations in brain activity, specifically with the neural networks that modulate cognition, […]

Rewriting evolutionary history and shape future health studies — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] The network of nerves connecting our eyes to our brains is sophisticated and researchers have now shown that it evolved much earlier than previously thought, thanks to an unexpected source: the gar fish. Michigan State University’s Ingo Braasch has helped an international research team show that this connection scheme was already present in ancient […]

Modern human brain originated in Africa around 1.7 million years ago — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] Modern humans are fundamentally different from our closest living relatives, the great apes: We live on the ground, walk on two legs and have much larger brains. The first populations of the genus Homo emerged in Africa about 2.5 million years ago. They already walked upright, but their brains were only about half the […]

Society is not ready to make human brains — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] Stem cell research has allowed medicine to go places that were once science fiction. Using stem cells, scientists have manufactured heart cells, brain cells and other cell types that they are now transplanting into patients as a form of cell therapy. Eventually, the field anticipates the same will be possible with organs. A new […]

Light shed on the coordination of neural stem cell activation — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] In all adult vertebrates, neural stem cells can be recruited to produce new neurons in the brain. However, little is known about these so-called “activation” processes. Scientists at the Institut Pasteur, CNRS, and Tel Aviv University working in collaboration with the École Polytechnique and INRAE have successfully performed 3D visualization and spatial and temporal […]

FDA approves new device to help protect athletes from traumatic brain injury

[ad_1] The C-shaped device, called the Q-Collar, fits around the back and side of the neck. It works by clamping down on blood vessels in the neck, which increases blood volume in the skull. This limits the movement of the brain inside the skull, which researchers believe generally causes traumatic brain injury.  The FDA said […]

Dog Supplies You Need, According to Vets

[ad_1] (CNN) —   Bringing home the new canine addition to your family is fun and exciting. It also comes with questions, especially if this is your first go-round as a pet parent. The big one is: What do I need to buy? The array of options can be overwhelming, rivaling the amount of gear […]

Chemicals in plastics damage babies’ brains and must be banned immediately, a group of scientists says

[ad_1] Project TENDR, which stands for Targeting Environmental Neuro-Development Risks, is a group of volunteer scientists, health professionals and child advocates working to study and reduce children’s exposure to neurotoxic chemicals and pollutants. “What we want to accomplish is to move the public health community, including regulators, toward this goal of elimination of phthalates,” said […]

How Teenagers Use Free Time Affects Mood

[ad_1] That said, it’s possible to have too much of a good thing. While pleasant distractions provide valuable mental and physiological breaks from stressful conditions, “my hesitation with recommending distraction,” Dr. Zoccola said, “is that while it can get people out of the moment, if it goes on too long, that might prevent folks from […]

AI-based ‘OxyGAN’ is a robust, effective method to measure tissue oxygen levels

[ad_1] OxyGAN produces tissue oxygenation maps directly from single-phase SFDI images with 659 nm and 851 nm illumination. Credit: SPIE Tissue oxygenation is a measure of the oxygen level in biological tissue and is a useful clinical biomarker for tissue viability. Abnormal levels may indicate the presence of conditions such as sepsis, diabetes, viral infection, […]

The key to normal sleep

[ad_1] Credit: CC0 Public Domain With fall and winter holidays coming up, many will be pondering the relationship between food and sleep. Researchers led by Professor Masashi Yanagisawa at the University of Tsukuba in Japan hope they can focus people on the important middlemen in the equation: bacterial microbes in the gut. Their detailed study […]

‘Constructive arguing’ can help keep the peace at your Thanksgiving table

[ad_1] Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain Sex, income, religion and politics—these are some of the biggies on the list of taboo topics during polite discussion. Even a conciliatory tone doesn’t always protect you if the subjects are spicy. When singer Katy Perry tweeted post-election encouragement to reach out to family members who supported the other candidate, […]

How humans use objects in novel ways to solve problems

[ad_1] Credit: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Human beings are naturally creative tool users. When we need to drive in a nail but don’t have a hammer, we easily realize that we can use a heavy, flat object like a rock in its place. When our table is shaky, we quickly find that we can put […]

It’s Time for a Digital Detox. (You Know You Need It.)

[ad_1] When is enough enough? Even though the presidential election is over, we’re still doomscrolling through gloomy news about the coronavirus surge. The rest of your daily routine is probably something like mine while stuck at home in the pandemic: Divided among streaming movies on Netflix, watching home improvement videos on YouTube and playing video […]

New non-invasive technology could spot early signs of motor disorders in babies

[ad_1] Credit: CC0 Public Domain The research, carried out using a wearable cuff, provides a new method for monitoring movements in babies, and new insights into how babies’ reflexes—like kicking—develop. These insights and the cuff could also be used to spot early signs of motor disorders such as cerebral palsy. The research, published today in […]

A genetic link to molecular events that precede symptoms in Alzheimer’s disease

[ad_1] BACE1 (red) and GGA3 (green) in a wild-type neuron. Credit: S. Lomoio et al., Science Translational Medicine (2020) Researchers at Tufts University School of Medicine have discovered a molecular mechanism that causes a “traffic jam” of enzymes traveling up and down neuronal axons, leading to the accumulation of amyloid beta—a key feature and cause […]

Here’s three ways physical activity changes its very structure

[ad_1] Regular exercise changes the structure of our bodies’ tissues in obvious ways, such as reducing the size of fat stores and increasing muscle mass. Less visible, but perhaps even more important, is the profound influence exercise has on the structure of our brains – an influence that can protect and preserve brain health and […]

Brexit architect Dominic Cummings steps down as PM Johnson’s top advisor

[ad_1] Issued on: 13/11/2020 – 20:06 Dominic Cummings, the controversial brains behind the 2016 campaign for Britain to leave the European Union, on Friday stepped down as Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s top aide. Amid speculation that he would leave the government at the end of the year, Dominic Cummings was pictured Friday leaving from the […]

First non-human primate study showing promise of gene therapy for stroke repair

[ad_1] Astrocyte-converted neurons in monkey brain after stroke. Credit: Jinan University Stroke is a leading cause of death and severe long-term disability with limited treatments available. A research team led by Prof. Gong Chen at Jinan University, Guangzhou, China recently reported the first non-human primate study demonstrating successful in vivo neural regeneration from brain internal […]

Research shows what happens in the sensory cortex when learning and recognising patterns

[ad_1] Credit: CC0 Public Domain A study by scientists at the University of Sussex is challenging the common understanding of how mammalian brains work. The research, published in Current Biology, suggests that neurons in the sensory cortex don’t just detect sensory information, but could actually decipher meaning and regulate bodily responses too. The findings could […]

Stress Relief Tips to Relieve Election Anxiety

[ad_1] “If you give me three minutes, it works, as long as you’re moving your body in ways that feel good to you,” said Dr. McGonigal, who suggests picking an inspiring song to get you moving. “Anytime you move your muscles and get your heart rate up, you’ll get a boost in dopamine and sense […]

Your favorite music can send your brain into a pleasure overload

[ad_1] Credit: CC0 Public Domain We all know that moment when we’re in the car, at a concert or even sitting on our sofa and one of our favorite songs is played. It’s the one that has that really good chord in it, flooding your system with pleasurable emotions, joyful memories, making your hair stand […]

New ‘epigenetic’ clock provides insight into how the human brain ages

[ad_1] Credit: CC0 Public Domain While our circadian body clock dictates our preferred rhythm of sleep or wakefulness, a relatively new concept—the epigenetic clock—could inform us about how swiftly we age, and how prone we are to diseases of old age. People age at different rates, with some individuals developing both characteristics and diseases related […]

Cancer cells mediate immune suppression in the brain

[ad_1] Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Scientists have long believed that the brain protects itself from an aggressive immune response to keep down inflammation. However, that evolutionary control may work against it when a cancer cell attempts to spread to the brain, researchers at the University of Notre Dame have discovered. In newly published research in […]

Single brain region links depression and anxiety, heart disease, and treatment sensitivity

[ad_1] The researchers used brain imaging to explore other brain regions affected by sgACC over-activity during threat. Over-activation of sgACC increased activity within the amygdala and hypothalamus, two key parts of the brain’s stress network. By contrast, it reduced activity in parts of the lateral prefrontal cortex – a region important in regulating emotional responses […]

Skin breaks down with prolonged AL/CVL use in neonates

[ad_1] (HealthDay)—Neonates with prolonged arterial line (AL)/central venous line (CVL) use have fewer skin breaks and have significantly larger thalamic volumes early in life compared with those with restricted line use, according to a study published online Oct. 21 in Neurology. Emma G. Duerden, Ph.D., from the University of Toronto, and colleagues serially scanned two […]

Could reducing painful procedures help premature infants’ brains?

[ad_1] Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Premature infants born earlier than 28 weeks gestation who experience fewer needle pokes while receiving life-saving care in the neonatal intensive care unit may have better growth of a part of the brain called the thalamus. The new study is published in the October 21, 2020, online issue of Neurology, […]

Rethinking the link between cannabinoids and learning

[ad_1] Fluorescent image of a mouse brain with the cerebellum highlighted in the shape of a marijuana leaf. Credit: Rita Félix, PhD. Cannabinoids have a strong influence on how our brains work and how we behave. Many people are only aware of the recreational aspect of cannabinoids. But in fact these molecules naturally exist in […]

Newborn brains lack maturity to process emotions as adults do

[ad_1] Newborn brains aren’t ready to process emotions right from birth. Credit: Isaac Taylor from Pexels Humans aren’t born with mature brain circuitry that attaches emotions to the things they see or hear in their environment, a new study shows. Researchers studying brain scans of newborns found that the part of the brain involved in […]

U.S. Diplomats and Spies Battle Trump Administration Over Suspected Attacks

[ad_1] WASHINGTON — The strange sound came at night: a crack like a marble striking the floor of the apartment above them. Mark Lenzi and his wife had lightheadedness, sleep issues and headaches, and their children were waking up with bloody noses — symptoms they thought might be from the smog in Guangzhou, China, where […]

New study may reveal link to lipids playing a key role in Parkinson’s disease

[ad_1] Researchers in the Neuroregeneration Institute are making strides in Parkinson’s disease research. Credit: McLean Hospital In a novel research study conducted by a team from the Neuroregeneration Institute at McLean Hospital, investigators believe they have found key brain cell type changes involving lipids, inflammation, and the development of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Their findings appear […]

Scientists find neurochemicals have unexpectedly profound roles in the human brain

[ad_1] Virginia Tech researchers with the Fralin Biomedical Research Institute Center for Human Neuroscience Research construct carbon fiber microelectrodes for real-time detection of dopamine and serotonin activity in human patients. Credit: Virginia Tech In first-of-their-kind observations in the human brain, an international team of researchers has revealed two well-known neurochemicals—dopamine and serotonin—are at work at […]

Scientists report role for dopamine and serotonin in human perception and decision-making

[ad_1] Ball-and-stick model of the dopamine molecule, a neurotransmitter that affects the brain’s reward and pleasure centers. Credit: Jynto/Wikipedia Scientists at Wake Forest School of Medicine have recorded real time changes in dopamine and serotonin levels in the human brain that are involved with perception and decision-making. These same neurochemicals also are critical to movement […]

Brain regions with impaired blood flow have higher tau levels

[ad_1] Brain regions with a negative correlation between blood flow and tau. Alzheimer’s disease and mild cognitive impairment on the left, cognitively normal on the right. Credit: Albrecht et al., JNeurosci 2020 In Alzheimer’s disease, impaired blood flow to brain regions coincides with tau protein buildup. This relationship strengthens as cognition declines, according to new […]

A conduit for prenatal inflammation?

[ad_1] Immune cells (in green) on the mouse choroid plexus, with blood vessels in red. Credit: Shipley et al., Neuron 2020, 10.1016/j.neuron.2020.08.024 Floating in fluid deep in the brain are small, little understood fronds of tissue. Two new studies reveal that these miniature organs are a hotbed of immune system activity. This activity may protect […]

Novel Brain Surgery Seeks to Reverse Epilepsy in Sea Lion

[ad_1] VALLEJO, Calif. — The adolescent patient turned sullen and withdrawn. He hadn’t eaten in 13 days. Treatment with steroids, phenobarbital and Valium failed to curb the symptoms of his epilepsy. Then, on Sept. 18, he had a terrible seizure — violently jerking his flippers and turning unconscious in the water. Cronutt, a 7-year-old sea […]

Evidence of Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and MND in brains of young people exposed to dirty air

[ad_1] Credit: CC0 Public Domain Researchers looking at the brainstems of children and young adults exposed lifelong to air pollution in Mexico City have discovered disturbing evidence of harm. Previous studies have linked fine particulate air pollution exposure with Alzheimer’s disease, and researchers have also reported evidence of air pollution-derived nanoparticles in the frontal cortex […]

Mehr als die üblichen Verdächtigen

[ad_1] Forscher haben die Wechselwirkungen bislang bekannter, für neurodegenerative Erkrankungen verantwortlicher Proteine mit anderen Eiweißen untersucht. Das hat den Kreis der Verdächtigen deutlich vergrößert. Auslöser neurodegenerativer Erkrankungen wie Alzheimer, Parkinson, Chorea Huntington oder Amyotrophe Lateralsklerose (ALS) sind fehlgefaltete, miteinander verklumpte Proteine, die sich im Nervengewebe ablagern. Sie verursachen dort schwere Schäden, Nervenzellen sterben ab. Die […]

How the brain helps us navigate social differences

[ad_1] Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain Our brain responds differently if we talk to a person of a different socioeconomic background from our own compared to when we speak to someone whose background is similar, according to a new imaging study by UCL and Yale researchers. In the study, published in the journal Social Cognitive and […]

Edi Rama i reagon publikimit të ministrisë serbe ku ofendohen shqiptarët

[ad_1] Kryeministri i Shqipërisë, Edi Rama ka reaguar ndaj një publikimi të Ministrisë së Mbrojtjes së Serbisë, në titull të të cilit përdoret shprehje ofenduese për shqiptarët. Rama e ka pyetur presidentin serb, Aleksandar Vuçiq nëse kjo është një shaka, duke shtuar se uron që kjo të jetë e tillë. Në titullin e publikimit të […]

Could a poo transplant one day be the secret of eternal youth?

[ad_1] Credit: CC0 Public Domain Fecal transplants could one day be used as a therapy to restore cognitive function in the elderly—according to new research from the University of East Anglia, the University of Florence and the Quadram Institute. A new study published today shows how fecal transplants from older to younger mice altered their […]

Survey finds American support for human-animal chimera research

[ad_1] This is an illustration of the three progressivesteps in human-animal chimeric embryo research shown to participants. Credit: Adapted from Sawai et al., 2017 In September 2015, the US National Institutes of Health placed a funding moratorium on research that involves introducing human pluripotent stem cells into animal embryos—a practice that experts say is vital […]

E.P.A. Rejects Its Own Findings That a Pesticide Harms Children’s Brains

[ad_1] WASHINGTON — The Trump administration has rejected scientific evidence linking the pesticide chlorpyrifos to serious health problems, directly contradicting federal scientists’ conclusions five years ago that it can stunt brain development in children. The Environmental Protection Agency’s assessment of the pesticide, which is widely used on soybeans, almonds, grapes and other crops, is a […]

After grieving mother’s death, teen commits to helping others

[ad_1] Ngoc Vuong in Washington, D.C., in February 2020. Photo: Jordy Mosqueda Growing up in Wichita, Kansas, Ngoc Vuong had a wide circle of Vietnamese friends to play with in his neighborhood. His parents had left Vietnam in the 1990s to build a new home in the U.S., making Vuong and his two older sisters […]

How microbes in a mother’s intestines affect fetal neurodevelopment

[ad_1] The gut microbiota comprises the billions of bacteria and other microbes that live in the intestines. Credit: Alpha Tauri 3D Graphics/Shutterstock.com During pregnancy in mice, the billions of bacteria and other microbes that live in a mother’s intestines regulate key metabolites, small molecules that are important for healthy fetal brain development, UCLA biologists report […]

Researchers advance technique to distinguish brain energy molecules

[ad_1] Credit: CC0 Public Domain Researchers at Center for BrainHealth, part of The University of Texas at Dallas, recently examined how cells in the brains of people at risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease make and use energy. Relationships between the brain’s energy metabolism and the risk of Alzheimer’s disease have been reported previously. But this […]

How a single protein in non-neuronal cells controls brain development

[ad_1] Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Normal brain development requires a precise interplay between neuronal and non-neuronal (also called glial) cells. In a new study, researchers from the University of Tsukuba have revealed how the loss of protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT) 1 causes disruptions in glial cells and affects proper brain development. PRMTs modify specific amino […]

Engineers link brains to computers using 3-D printed implants

[ad_1] Credit: University of Sheffield Linking the human brain to a computer is usually only seen in science fiction, but now an international team of engineers and neuroscientists at the University of Sheffield (UK), St Petersburg State University (Russia) and Technische Universität Dresden (Germany) have harnessed the power of 3-D printing to bring the technology […]

High blood pressure may cause poor communication between brain regions

[ad_1] Radachynskyi / iStock, Getty Images Plus A test that measures blood flow changes in the brain shows people with high blood pressure are more likely to experience poorer communication between brain regions than those with normal blood pressure, according to a small study. The research, published Monday in the American Heart Association journal Hypertension, […]

New alteration in the brains of people with Alzheimer’s discovered

[ad_1] Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain Despite the important advances in research in recent years, the etiopathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease is still not fully clarified. One of the key questions is to decipher why the production of beta amyloid, the protein that produces the toxic effect and triggers the pathology, increases in the brain of people […]