DR ELLIE CANNON: What is blue toe syndrome and how can Dad control it?


My father, who’s 82, has been diagnosed with blue toe syndrome, which I am told is caused by poor circulation. How can he keep it under control? Blue toe syndrome, also known as trash foot, is caused by a blockage in the small blood vessels of the foot.  This reduces the blood flow to the […]

Screening for ovarian cancer did not reduce early deaths — ScienceDaily


A large-scale randomised trial of annual screening for ovarian cancer, led by UCL researchers, did not succeed in reducing deaths from the disease, despite one of the screening methods tested detecting cancers earlier. Results from the UK Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS) have been published in a report in the medical journal The […]

Significantly, women impaired more by smoking; men impaired more by cardiovascular disease — ScienceDaily


In the largest study of the associations between smoking and cardiovascular disease on cognitive function, researchers at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), an affiliate of City of Hope, found both impair the ability to learn and memorize; and that the effects of smoking are more pronounced among females, while males are more impaired by […]

Genetic risk of heart disease may be due to low Omega 3-linked biomarker — ScienceDaily


People who are genetically more likely to suffer from cardiovascular diseases may benefit from boosting a biomarker found in fish oils, a new study suggests. In a genetic study in 1,886 Asian Indians published in PLOS ONE today (Wednesday 12 May), scientists have identified the first evidence for the role of adiponectin, an obesity-related biomarker, […]

Meditative practice and spiritual wellbeing may preserve cognitive function in aging — ScienceDaily


It is projected that up to 152 million people worldwide will be living with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) by 2050. To date there are no drugs that have a substantial positive impact on either the prevention or reversal of cognitive decline. A growing body of evidence finds that targeting lifestyle and vascular risk factors have a […]

Map of metabolic changes after heart attack holds clues to recovery — ScienceDaily


Researchers have mapped out the changes in metabolism that occur after a heart attack, publishing their findings today in the open-access eLife journal. Their study in mice reveals certain genes and metabolic processes that could aid or hinder recovery, and might be good targets for treatments to prevent damage after a heart attack. “Although some […]

A new approach for treating obesity — ScienceDaily


A receptor that helps conserve energy when food is scarce may be the key to a safer approach to treating diet-induced obesity, research led by the Garvan Institute of Medical Research has revealed. In a study using experimental models and fat tissue biopsies from obese individuals, the team revealed that blocking a specific receptor of […]

Vegetarians have healthier levels of disease markers than meat-eaters — ScienceDaily


Vegetarians appear to have a healthier biomarker profile than meat-eaters, and this applies to adults of any age and weight, and is also unaffected by smoking and alcohol consumption, according to a new study in over 166,000 UK adults, being presented at this week’s European Congress on Obesity (ECO), held online this year. Biomarkers can […]

‘I went through the menopause at 13’: Woman tells her moving story in a new TV show


For a teenager, it was an unexpected and shocking diagnosis: blood tests and an ultrasound confirmed that, at 13, Hayley Cockman had gone into premature menopause. Her periods had stopped within a year of starting, and then symptoms such as night sweats, hot flushes and poor concentration kicked in. ‘At school, I’d be sitting in […]

Why a home with no stairs can give you ‘bungalow leg’


To many people, moving to a bungalow makes good sense — if aching or immobile joints become a problem then a life without stairs is not only simpler, but also much safer. However, experts warn that making that move too early can actually hasten the decline associated with old age, leading to a phenomenon now being […]

Cardiovascular disease could be diagnosed earlier with new glowing probe — ScienceDaily


Researchers have created a probe that glows when it detects an enzyme associated with issues that can lead to blood clots and strokes. The team of researchers, from the Department of Chemistry and the National Lung and Heart Institute at Imperial College London, demonstrated that their probe quickly and accurately detects the enzyme in modified […]

Secret behind maintaining a healthy weight loss — ScienceDaily


Half of the Danish population have overweight, while 17 percent live with obesity. Worldwide, almost 40 procent have overweight and 13 procent live with obesity. The condition is associated with increased risk for early death, as well as sequelae such as Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and infertility. Weight regain after an initial successful […]

One cup of leafy greens a day lowers risk of heart disease, study says


Eating just one cup of raw vegetables daily, such as leafy greens like spinach, boosts your cardiovascular health, a new study reveals. In a sample of over 50,000 people, the biggest eaters of nitrate-rich vegetables had lower blood pressure and up to 26 per cent lower risk of heart disease, experts found.  Just one cup is […]

Many people with high blood pressure are taking another medication that could raise it — ScienceDaily


Nearly 1 in 5 adults with high blood pressure, a leading risk factor for heart disease and stroke, also take a medicine that could be elevating their blood pressure, according to new research presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 70th Annual Scientific Session. The results underscore the need for patients to routinely review all […]

Health: Getting too much OR too little sleep can increase your risk of heart disease


People who get six to seven hours of sleep per night are less likely to die of a heart attack or stroke than those who get more or less shut-eye, a study has concluded. Researchers from the US studied data on the sleep habits and cardiovascular health of more than 14,000 people, looking to see who […]

Alcohol in moderation may help the heart by calming stress signals in the brain — ScienceDaily


Moderate alcohol intake — defined as no more than one alcoholic drink for women and two for men per day — has been associated with a lower risk of dying from cardiovascular disease when compared with individuals who abstain from drinking or partake in excessive drinking, according to a new study being presented at the […]

Thinning lower spine, top of thigh bone and hip predictive of raised heart attack/stroke risk — ScienceDaily


Thin and brittle bones are strongly linked to women’s heart disease risk, with thinning of the lower (lumbar) spine, top of the thigh bone (femoral neck), and hip especially predictive of a heightened heart attack and stroke risk, suggests research in the journal Heart. Osteoporosis, often dubbed brittle bone disease, is common, particularly among women […]

Fish oil supplements and heart rhythm disorder: New analysis — ScienceDaily


Omega-3 supplements are associated with an increased likelihood of developing atrial fibrillation in people with high blood lipids. That’s the finding of a study published today in European Heart Journal — Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). “Currently, fish oil supplements are indicated for patients with elevated plasma triglycerides to […]

Risk factors for a severe course of COVID-19 in people with diabetes — ScienceDaily


People with diabetes are at increased risk of developing a severe course of COVID-19 compared to people without diabetes. The question to be answered is whether all people with diabetes have an increased risk of severe COVID-19, or whether specific risk factors can also be identified within this group. A new study by DZD researchers […]

How your tears may soon help save your life


Here’s a good reason to start crying with happiness: your tears could soon save your life by providing an early warning of cancer, diabetes and autoimmune disease. In future, they may even predict your risk of developing Alzheimer’s. And tears are not the only bodily secretions that are being used in a new generation of […]

Can ANYTHING cure my fear of needles? DR MARTIN SCURR answers your health questions 


I am very scared of needles, is there anything I can do to prevent myself from fainting? Brian Lewis, Cardiff. Rest assured, you are not alone. Trypanophobia, to give a fear of needles its proper name, is very common and I have much experience in counselling patients who are affected by it. Up to ten […]

Study links hydraulic fracking with increased risk of heart attack hospitalization, death — ScienceDaily


The Marcellus Formation straddles the New York State and Pennsylvania border, a region that shares similar geography and population demographics. However, on one side of the state line unconventional natural gas development — or fracking — is banned, while on the other side it represents a multi-billion dollar industry. New research takes advantage of this […]

Researchers identify protein produced after stroke that triggers neurodegeneration — ScienceDaily


Researchers with the Peter O’Donnell Jr. Brain Institute at UT Southwestern have identified a new protein implicated in cell death that provides a potential therapeutic target that could prevent or delay the progress of neurodegenerative diseases following a stroke. Scientists from the departments of pathology, neurology, biochemistry, and pharmacology at UTSW have identified and named […]

Changing views on atherosclerosis — ScienceDaily


Peter Libby, MD, cardiovascular medicine specialist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and the Mallinckrodt Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School; author of a new review paper published in Nature. Atherosclerosis — hardening of the arteries — is now involved in the majority of deaths worldwide, and advances in our understanding of the biology of […]

Having a sweet tooth could lead to heart disease and death in middle age, study finds


Having a sweet tooth could lead to heart disease and an early death, a study has suggested. University of Oxford scientists tracked 116,000 people’s eating habits for up to 15 years and checked whether they had been admitted to hospital or died.  They found people who regularly indulged in chocolate bars and sugary drinks were more […]

More belly weight increases danger of heart disease even if BMI does not indicate obesity — ScienceDaily


People with abdominal obesity and excess fat around the body’s mid-section and organs have an increased risk of heart disease even if their body mass index (BMI) measurement is within a healthy weight range, according to a new Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association published today in the Association’s flagship journal, Circulation. “This scientific […]

Disrupted sleep is linked to increased risk of early death, particularly in women — ScienceDaily


For the first time, a study has shown a clear link between the frequency and duration of unconscious wakefulness during night-time sleep and an increased risk of dying from diseases of the heart and blood vessels, and death from any cause, particularly in women. The study of 8001 men and women, which is published today […]

Genetic ancestry versus race can provide specific, targeted insights to predict and treat many diseases — ScienceDaily


The complex patterns of genetic ancestry uncovered from genomic data in health care systems can provide valuable insights into both genetic and environmental factors underlying many common and rare diseases — insights that are far more targeted and specific than those derived from traditional ethnic or racial labels like Hispanic or Black, according to a […]

Can financial stress lead to physical pain in later years? Researchers found that early stress can have an impact decades later — ScienceDaily


Financial stress can have an immediate impact on well-being, but can it lead to physical pain nearly 30 years later? The answer is yes, according to new research from University of Georgia scientists. The study, published in Stress & Health, reveals that family financial stress in midlife is associated with a depleted sense of control, […]

Gender-affirming hormone therapy may increase risk of high blood pressure — ScienceDaily


Gender-affirming hormone therapy (GAHT) was associated with blood pressure changes in both transgender men and women, according to new research published today in Hypertension, an American Heart Association journal. Given the higher burden of heart attack, stroke and other cardiovascular conditions among transgender men and women, blood pressure screening and monitoring are important, especially after […]

Mediterranean diet with lean beef may lower risk factors for heart disease — ScienceDaily


Eating red meat may have a bad reputation for being bad for the heart, but new research found that lean beef may have a place in healthy diets, after all. In a randomized controlled study, researchers found that a Mediterranean diet combined with small portions of lean beef helped lower risk factors for developing heart […]

Study strengthens links between red meat and heart disease — ScienceDaily


An observational study in nearly 20,000 individuals has found that greater intake of red and processed meat is associated with worse heart function. The research is presented at ESC Preventive Cardiology 2021, an online scientific congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). “Previous studies have shown links between greater red meat consumption and increased […]

New study links red meat consumption with heart disease


UK scientists have linked the consumption of any form of red meat – such as beef, lamb and pork – with a decline in heart function.  The researchers, who studied nearly 20,000 individuals, found that greater intake of red and processed meat was linked with a decline in three different measures of heart health.   Processed […]

Surpassed only by advanced age and organ transplant as a risk factor, large study shows — ScienceDaily


Physical inactivity is linked to more severe COVID-19 infection and a heightened risk of dying from the disease, finds a large US study published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. Patients with COVID-19 who were consistently inactive during the 2 years preceding the pandemic were more likely to be admitted to hospital, to […]

Another way ‘good’ cholesterol is good: Combatting inflammation — ScienceDaily


Testing how well “good” cholesterol particles reduce inflammation may help predict who is at heightened risk to develop cardiovascular disease caused by narrowed arteries, according to research published today in the American Heart Association’s flagship journal Circulation. Assessing levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, known as “good cholesterol,” are already a standard part of formulas […]

Early cannabis use linked to heart disease — ScienceDaily


Smoking cannabis when you’re young may increase your risk of developing heart disease later, according to a recent University of Guelph study. In the first study to look at specific risk indicators for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in young, healthy cannabis users, researchers found subtle but potentially important changes in heart and artery function. Cigarette smoking […]

Using genetics, researchers identify potential drugs for early treatment of COVID-19 — ScienceDaily


A new study using human genetics suggests researchers should prioritize clinical trials of drugs that target two proteins to manage COVID-19 in its early stages. The findings appeared online in the journal Nature Medicine in March 2021. Based on their analyses, the researchers are calling for prioritizing clinical trials of drugs targeting the proteins IFNAR2 […]

Adults with gum disease are TWICE as likely to have high blood pressure, study warns


Adults who suffer from gum disease are TWICE as likely to have high blood pressure, study warns Researchers at UCL looked at the link between gum disease and blood pressure  Found people with periodontitis are 2.3 times more likely to have hypertension  In study, 14% of people with periodontitis had a medically high blood pressure This […]

Leisure physical activity is linked with health benefits but work activity is not — ScienceDaily


The first large study showing that leisure time physical activity and occupational physical activity have opposite, and independent, associations with cardiovascular disease risk and longevity is published today in European Heart Journal, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). “We adjusted for multiple factors in our analysis, indicating that the relationships were not […]

Lactation and visceral, pericardial fat — ScienceDaily


As demonstrated by multiple studies over the years, women who breastfeed have a lower risk for developing cardiovascular disease and diabetes when compared to those who don’t or can’t. However, the mechanisms by which these risks are reduced for lactating women are still not fully understood. Duke Appiah, Ph.D., an assistant professor of public health […]

LIBBY GALVIN: Can these gadgets REALLY turn you into a sleeping beauty?


Sleep for sale! is the flashing image I see in my mind’s eye when I look at the growing range of sleep trackers on the market Sleep for sale! is the flashing image I see in my mind’s eye when I look at the growing range of sleep trackers on the market. These devices, from wristbands […]

DNA markers in cells of MDD sufferers appear 2 years older than in healthy controls, researchers say — ScienceDaily


Cells from individuals with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) were found to have higher than expected rates of methylation at specific sites on their DNA, when compared to cells from healthy individuals without MDD, according to a study by a multidisciplinary team of UC San Francisco scientists, in collaboration with others. Methylation is a process by […]

Food myths exploded! NHS doctor turned nutrition expert serves up comforting home truths


As a newly qualified NHS hospital doctor, Joshua Wolrich became obsessed with the idea that a good doctor shouldn’t be overweight  An NHS doctor now specialising in nutrition Dr Joshua Wolrich has written a new book, Food Isn’t Medicine, in which he debunks common food myths and sets out his philosophy around weight and health. […]

Tobacco smoke exposure could increase children’s blood pressure, study finds


Researchers found 6% of children who were exposed to tobacco smoke had high blood pressure compared to 4% in children who weren’t exposed, according to a study published Tuesday in JAMA Network Open. The study defined tobacco exposure as a child reporting smoking, living with a smoker or having serum cotinine levels, which measures recent […]

Gefäßalter durch Sonografie ermitteln – Biermann Medizin


Ein frühes Ultraschallscreening der Halsschlagadern kann das Schlaganfallrisiko verringern. Aktionismus bei Diagnose von Stenosen ist jedoch nicht angebracht und risikoreich. Leichte Gefäßveränderungen bis hin zu Carotisstenosen können heute sehr gut durch eine Sonografie der Halsgefäße diagnostiziert werden. Ob ein Carotis-Ultraschallscreening im Rahmen von Vorsorgeuntersuchungen sinnvoll ist und ob asymptomatische Carotisstenosen bei Menschen höheren Alters zwingend […]

Replacing red meat with plant foods may reduce the risk of heart disease


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Replacing red meat with high quality plant foods such as beans, nuts, or soy may be associated with a modestly reduced risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), suggests a study published by The BMJ today. Substituting whole grains and dairy products for total red meat, and eggs for processed red meat, […]

Study finds 10 metabolites associated with risk of stroke


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Metabolites are small molecules found in our body’s cells. They come from the food we eat, chemical processes happening within our bodies and microbes. A new analysis of recent studies has found that the levels of 10 metabolites detected in the blood are associated with a person’s risk of stroke. The […]

COVID-19 can impact young children’s hearts


Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain A 2-month-old infant diagnosed with COVID-19 experienced reversible myocardial injury and heart failure, similar to COVID-19 related heart issues seen in adults, according to a case published in JACC: Case Reports. The infant recovered with normal heart function and was discharged with no heart failure medications. Since the earliest reports of […]

Scientists identify a new diagnostic and therapeutic target for cardiovascular disease


Germinal center response (red) in the spleen of an atherosclerosis-prone mice. Credit: CNIC Scientists at the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares (CNIC) have identified a mitochondrial protein as a potential marker for the diagnosis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and as a possible target for future treatments. The study is published today in the journal Nature. […]

LGB adults may be less likely to take statins to prevent heart disease


Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) adults who may benefit from cholesterol-lowering medicine to prevent cardiovascular disease are less likely than non-LGB adults to take them, according to new research published today in the Journal of the American Heart Association, an open access journal of the American Heart Association. According to an American Heart Association scientific […]

Food insecurity rates high among people with heart disease


People with atherosclerosis, particularly those who earn a low income and have other socioeconomic disadvantages, are more likely to experience food insecurity than those without the condition, according to new research. Researchers analyzed several socioeconomic factors from self-reported data for 190,113 U.S. adults. Among the 18,442 (8.2%) adults with atherosclerosis, about 1 in 7—or 14.6% […]

Eating foods that promote inflammation may worsen heart failure


People with heart failure who eat a diet high in foods that cause inflammation are twice as likely to end up in the hospital or die as those who eat foods known to reduce inflammation, new research shows. “If people with heart failure can reduce the amount of pro-inflammatory foods that they eat, it might […]

Why an antidepressant could be used to treat COVID-19


Credit: Volodymyr TVERDOKHLIB/Shutterstock A commonly used drug called fluvoxamine was recently tested as a treatment for COVID-19 in the United States. The 152 patients enrolled in the trial had been confirmed to have COVID-19 using a PCR test, and had seen symptoms appear within the past seven days. Patients who already required COVID-19 hospitalisation, or […]

Low-cost population-wide salt reduction strategies could save lives


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Reducing salt consumption at population levels is a cost-effective strategy to combat high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease in Africa according to new Griffith University-led research. In a study published in the British Medical Journal Open, researchers from Griffith’s School of Medicine and the University of Oxford evaluated the health impacts […]

Genetic discovery could lead to better prediction of suicide risk within families


Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain Every 11 minutes, an American dies by suicide. That’s 132 people a day or more than 48,000 annually. For those left behind, the haunting question is why. One emerging factor is family history. Perhaps the most famous example is Ernest Hemingway’s family. In addition to his own suicide in 1961, the […]

Common prostate cancer treatment may impair cardiorespiratory fitness, raise risk of CV death


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Prolonged androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) can impair cardiorespiratory fitness and increase risk of cardiovascular death in prostate cancer patients with high risk of cardiovascular disease, according to a study in JACC: CardioOncology. The findings contribute further data supporting the need for cardiovascular disease (CVD) monitoring in patients who are living longer […]

Algorithm-driven digital program helped lower patients’ cholesterol, blood pressure


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Using a remotely-delivered, algorithm-driven program for disease management, patients experienced significant improvement in cholesterol and blood pressure levels, according to late-breaking research presented today at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2020. The manuscript of this study is simultaneously published today in Circulation, the American Heart Association’s flagship journal. Failure to […]

Sharp rise in sedentary time among newly retired women evident 2+ years later


Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain The sharp rise of more than 20 minutes a day in average sedentary time among newly retired women seems to be maintained 2 or more years later, reveals research published online in the journal Occupational & Environmental Medicine. The rise is more gradual among newly retired men, but the longer term […]

Design and market sexbots for older adults with disabilities, argues ethicist


Credit: CC0 Public Domain The sexbot industry should include older adults with disabilities in the design and marketing of its products, to support their emotional health and wellbeing and help counter ageism and stereotyping, argues an ethicist in the Journal of Medical Ethics. The physiological changes of ageing and increasing vulnerability to conditions, such as […]

Permanent night shift workers at heightened risk of moderate to severe asthma


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Shift workers, especially those working permanent night shift rotas, may be at heightened risk of moderate to severe asthma, suggests research published online in the journal Thorax. Given the prevalence of both shift work and asthma in industrialised nations, the public health implications of these findings are potentially “far-reaching,” warn the […]

A novel monoclonal antibody therapy cuts LDL cholesterol by half in a high-risk patient population


Credit: CC0 Public Domain The investigational drug evinacumab reduced low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol—the so-called “bad” cholesterol—by 50 percent in patients with severe hypercholesterolemia whose condition is resistant to standard treatments, a phase 2 study from the Icahn School of Medicine of Mount Sinai and other global academic sites has found. Results from the study sponsored […]

Patients taking statins experience similar side effects from dummy pills


Credit: CC0 Public Domain People taking dummy pills and statins experienced similar side effects in a new study. In a clinical trial of 60 patients, led by researchers at Imperial College London and clinicians at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, 90 percent of symptoms experienced by patients whilst taking statins were all present when they […]

Most type 2 diabetes patients are at high risk of a fatal heart attack or stroke


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Preventing heart attacks and strokes in type 2 diabetes patients managed in primary care should be an urgent priority. That’s the conclusion of a study published on World Diabetes Day in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). “The most striking result of […]

New screening questionnaire can identify people at high risk of developing heart disease


More than 40% of middle-aged adults have silent coronary artery disease. Researchers have developed a new screening questionnaire to help identify individuals at the highest risk for coronary artery disease, according to late-breaking research presented today at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2020. Coronary artery disease is caused by atherosclerosis, or deposits of fats, […]

Structural racism is a driver of health disparities, report declares


Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain The history of structural racism in the U.S. must be acknowledged as a driver of health problems and shortened lives for Black people and other racial and ethnic groups, says an American Heart Association report that seeks to spark action to fix the problem. “Structural racism has been and remains a […]

Diabetes epidemic detected among Xavante indigenous community in Central Brazil


Researchers examine retinas and find high prevalence of type 2 diabetes as well as ocular problems caused by the disease. Credit: Fernando Korn Malerbi The Xavante, one of the indigenous communities most vulnerable to SARS-CoV-2 in Brazil, are suffering from an epidemic of diabetes, a “silent” disease considered a risk factor for severe COVID-19. A […]

Cardiac arrest deaths are rising – especially among younger black adults


After declining steadily for more than a decade, new research shows the number of people dying from cardiac arrests is climbing. And the greatest increase is among young Black adults. The study, which is being presented Friday at the American Heart Association’s virtual Scientific Sessions, pulled data from 311,065 death certificates for Black and white […]

All weight loss isn’t equal for reducing heart failure risk


Ambarish Pandey, M.D. Credit: UT Southwestern Medical Center Reducing the level of body fat and waist size are linked to a lower risk of heart failure in patients with type 2 diabetes, a study led by UT Southwestern researchers indicates. The findings, reported today in Circulation, suggest that all weight loss isn’t equal when it […]

More green spaces can help boost air quality, reduce heart disease deaths


3D Model of the heart by Dr. Matthew Bramlet. Credit: NIH Green spaces—trees, shrubs and grasses—can improve air quality and may lower heart disease deaths, according to preliminary research to be presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2020. “We found that both increased greenness and increased air quality were associated with fewer deaths […]

Reduction of environmental pollutants for prevention of cardiovascular disease


Credit: CC0 Public Domain In a current opinion article “Reduction of environmental pollutants for prevention of cardiovascular disease: it’s time to act,” published in the European Heart Journal this week, a group of international environmental researchers summarized the epidemiologic and mechanistic evidence in support of an association between noise and air pollution with cardiovascular and […]

Acute respiratory failure mortality increases in United States and may worsen with COVID-19 pandemic


Credit: CC0 Public Domain A new study published in Chest by University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers showed that deaths related to acute respiratory failure are increasing in the United States, while mortality due to acute respiratory distress syndrome has shown a lack of decline in last five years. The death rates were highest among […]

Machine learning shows similar performance to traditional risk prediction models


Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Some claim that machine learning technology has the potential to transform healthcare systems, but a study published by The BMJ finds that machine learning models have similar performance to traditional statistical models and share similar uncertainty in making risk predictions for individual patients. The NHS has invested £250m ($323m; €275m) to […]

The connection between diabetes, kidney disease and high blood pressure


It’s a triple health threat faced by tens of millions of Americans. But few think about it until they’re forced to. Even then, the interplay between diabetes, high blood pressure and kidney disease can be a challenge for people to grasp. But doctors say having an understanding is key for anybody who wants to reduce […]

Avoiding inflammatory foods can lower heart disease, stroke risk


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Diets high in red and processed meat, refined grains and sugary beverages, which have been associated with increased inflammation in the body, can increase subsequent risk of heart disease and stroke compared to diets filled with anti-inflammatory foods according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College […]

Abnormal blood pressure levels while sleeping increase risk of heart disease, stroke


Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain People who experience high blood pressure while sleeping are more likely to experience future cardiovascular disease especially heart failure, even when their daytime blood pressure is within normal ranges, according to new research published today in the American Heart Association’s flagship journal Circulation. Health care professionals typically use in-office and daytime […]

Smoking has negative effects for patients with psoriasis


Credit: CC0 Public Domain (HealthDay)—For patients with psoriasis, smoking has negative effects, including increased frequency of nail involvement and cardiovascular diseases and higher psoriasis area and severity index, according to a study published online Oct. 14 in the International Journal of Clinical Practice. Yildiz Hayran and Basak Yalcin, M.D., both from Ankara City Hospital in […]

Vitamin D3, omega-3 fatty acids have no impact on AMD


Credit: CC0 Public Domain (HealthDay)—For initially healthy men and women, supplementation with vitamin D3 and marine omega-3 fatty acids have no significant impact on age-related macular degeneration (AMD) incidence or progression, according to a study published online Oct. 29 in JAMA Ophthalmology. William G. Christen, Sc.D., from Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, and colleagues […]

Autoantibody order, timing predict genetically at-risk children most likely to get type 1 diabetes


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Children with multiple islet autoantibodies—biological markers of autoimmunity—are more likely to progress to symptomatic type 1 diabetes (T1D) than those who remain positive for a single autoantibody. Now, new findings from The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study in the U.S. and Europe show that detailed information about […]

Adults with endocrine disorders have an increased risk of heart disease


Credit: CC0 Public Domain All adults with endocrine disorders should be tested for high cholesterol and triglycerides to evaluate their risk of heart attack or stroke, according to a Clinical Practice Guideline issued today by the Endocrine Society. The guideline, titled “Lipid Management in Patients with Endocrine Disorders: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline,” was […]

For pregnant women with heart disease, multidisciplinary care may be essential


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Cardiovascular disease is now the number one cause of maternal mortality in the United States, but a new study suggests that care from a multidisciplinary cardio-obstetrics team may improve pregnancy outcomes and reduce hospital readmission rates. The study was conducted by researchers from Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons […]

Mold and damp health costs are about 3 times those of sugary drinks. We need a healthy housing agenda


Credit: Burdun Iliya/Shutterstock The World Health Organization has always been interested in housing as one of the big “causes of the causes,” of the social determinants, of health. The WHO launched evidence-based guidelines for healthy housing policies in 2019. Australia is behind the eight ball on healthy housing. Other governments, including in the United States, […]

Weight-reduction surgery for severely obese adults may prevent second heart attack, death


Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain People with severe obesity (BMI >35) and a prior heart attack who undergo weight-reduction surgery may lower their risk of a second heart attack, major cardiovascular event, heart failure and death compared to people with similar medical histories who did not have weight-reduction surgery, according to new research published today in […]

Presidential Elections May Be Bad for Your Health


The stress of presidential elections may increase the incidence of heart attacks and strokes, researchers report. Scientists tracked hospitalizations for acute cardiovascular disease in the weeks before and after the 2016 presidential election among about three million adults who were enrolled in the Kaiser Permanente Southern California health care system. The study, in PNAS, found […]

High flavanol diet may lead to lower blood pressure


Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain People who consume a diet including flavanol-rich foods and drinks, including tea, apples and berries, could lead to lower blood pressure, according to the first study using objective measures of thousands of UK residents’ diet. The findings, published in Scientific Reports, studied the diet of more than 25,000 people in Norfolk, […]

Drinking green tea and coffee daily linked to lower death risk in people with diabetes


Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain Drinking plenty of both green tea and coffee is linked to a lower risk of dying from any cause among people with type 2 diabetes, suggests research published in the online journal BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care. Drinking 4 or more daily cups of green tea plus 2 or more […]

Think You Have ‘Normal’ Blood Pressure? Think Again


The study, directed by Dr. Seamus P. Whelton, cardiologist and epidemiologist at the Johns Hopkins Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Baltimore, followed a cohort of 1,457 middle-aged men and women initially free of atherosclerotic vascular disease and known risk factors for 14.5 years. As the participants aged, their risk factors for […]

New study may reveal link to lipids playing a key role in Parkinson’s disease


Researchers in the Neuroregeneration Institute are making strides in Parkinson’s disease research. Credit: McLean Hospital In a novel research study conducted by a team from the Neuroregeneration Institute at McLean Hospital, investigators believe they have found key brain cell type changes involving lipids, inflammation, and the development of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Their findings appear in […]

Congenital heart defects may not increase the risk of severe COVID-19 symptoms


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Adults and children born with heart defects had a lower-than-expected risk of developing moderate or severe COVID-19 symptoms, finds a study of more than 7,000 patients from the congenital heart disease center at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons. Throughout the course of the pandemic, evidence has shown that […]

Higher average life expectancy after obesity surgery


Credit: CC0 Public Domain People who have undergone obesity (bariatric) surgery live three years longer, on average, than those given conventional treatment for their obesity, a University of Gothenburg study shows. Compared with the general population, however, both groups’ excess mortality is high. The results published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) are […]

Maltreatment tied to higher inflammation in girls


Katherine Ehrlich. Credit: University of Georgia New research by a University of Georgia scientist reveals that girls who are maltreated show higher levels of inflammation at an early age than boys who are maltreated or children who have not experienced abuse. This finding may forecast chronic mental and physical health problems in midlife. Led by […]

Flu and COVID-19 are bad enough, but they also can raise stroke risk


Adrienne Bresnahan/Moment, Getty Images It’s flu season. In the middle of a coronavirus pandemic. Is this any time to be thinking about your risk of stroke? Yes, researchers say. Having either influenza or the coronavirus seems to increase the odds of having an ischemic stroke—the type where blood flow in the brain is blocked. While […]

Irregular Menstrual Cycles Tied to Shorter Lifespans


Irregular menstrual cycles may be associated with an early death, a new study suggests. Researchers followed 79,505 women participating in a large long-term health study. The women reported on the length and regularity of their cycles at ages 14 to 17, 18 to 22, and 29 to 46 years. At the start, none had a […]

2016 US presidential election associated with uptick in heart attacks and stroke


Credit: CC0 Public Domain The hospitalization rate for acute cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in a large southern California health system was 1.62 times higher in the two days immediately after the 2016 presidential election when compared with the same two days in the week prior to the 2016 election, according to new research from Harvard […]

Certain pre-existing conditions may double, triple mortality risk for COVID-19


Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain A large, international study of COVID-19 patients confirmed that cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes, congestive heart failure, chronic kidney disease, stroke and cancer can increase a patient’s risk of dying from the virus. Penn State College of Medicine researchers say their findings may help public health officials improve patient care and develop […]

COVID-19 cardiac involvement on the rise


Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain In the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, the disease was recognized as a respiratory virus. Research is showing that the SARS-CoV-2 virus is causing more significant cardiac issues than initially thought. “We are finding that COVID-19 can cause direct damage to the heart,” says Dr. Leslie Cooper, chair of the […]

Exercise intensity not linked to mortality risk in older adults, finds trial


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Exercise intensity appears to make no difference to risk of mortality among older adults, suggests a randomised controlled trial from Norway published by The BMJ today. Physical activity has been highlighted as one of the most important actions people of all ages can engage in to improve health, and data from […]

Pregnancy complications linked to heightened risk of heart disease and stroke in later life


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Pregnancy complications such as miscarriage, pre-eclampsia, diabetes in pregnancy (gestational diabetes) and pre-term birth are linked to a heightened risk of heart disease in later life, suggests an overarching (umbrella) analysis of data published by The BMJ today. Several other factors related to fertility and pregnancy also seem to be associated […]

Individual psychological well-being may guard heart health in Black adults


Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain Feeling optimistic, that you have a sense of purpose in life and that you are in control of your environment—characteristics of psychosocial resilience—are associated with having better cardiovascular health among Black adults, independent of neighborhood context, according to a study published today in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, an American Heart […]

Hospitalized COVID-19 patients are younger, healthier than influenza patients


Credit: Columbia University Irving Medical Center Patients hospitalized with COVID-19 were more likely male, younger, and, in both the US and Spain, had fewer comorbidities and lower medication use than hospitalized influenza patients according to a recent study published by the Observational Health Data Sciences and Informatics (OHDSI) community. OHDSI has established an international network […]

As virtual doctor visits spike, concerns about equity, missed diagnoses grow


(HealthDay)—Telemedicine has rapidly grown as a way to get medical care in the era of COVID-19, but a new study reveals that a doctor’s evaluation by phone or video may miss crucial clues to impending health problems. Telemedicine visits accounted for about 35% of primary care visits between April and June—a huge increase for what […]

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