Scientists develop better way to block viruses that cause childhood respiratory infections — ScienceDaily

By engineering a short chunk of protein, or peptide, that can prevent the attachment of human parainfluenza viruses to cells, researchers have improved a method in rodent models intended to help keep children healthy. Human parainfluenza viruses, or HPIVs, are the leading cause of childhood respiratory infections, responsible for 30% to 40% of illnesses like […]

Managing children’s weight, blood pressure and cholesterol protects brain function mid-life — ScienceDaily

Managing weight, blood pressure and cholesterol in children may help protect brain function in later life, according to new research published today in the American Heart Association’s flagship journal Circulation. This is the first study to highlight that cardiovascular risk factors accumulated from childhood through mid-life may influence poor cognitive performance at midlife. Previous research […]

Short-term spikes in air pollution ‘may speed up brain decline in older men’

CAUSE CHILDREN TO HAVE A LOW IQ: Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, found in May 2019 that children born to mothers who live in polluted areas have an IQ that is up to seven points lower than those living in places with cleaner air. CAUSE CHILDREN TO HAVE POORER MEMORY: Researchers at the […]

Children make up 20% of all new COVID-19 cases in the U.S.

Children accounted for more than 22 percent of all new COVID-19 cases identified in the U.S. last week – a near record high proportion over the course of the pandemic – a recent report reveals.    Despite cases among children spiking alongside school and business reopenings, the pediatric death toll remains low. Fewer than 500 American […]

DR ELLIE CANNON: My hair is thinning… could it be caused by heartburn medicine?

I am 62 and have been on the heartburn medication omeprazole for six years, ever since being diagnosed with a hiatus hernia. Over the past few years my hair has been thinning – could it be the drug causing it? My GP says it’s not likely, but I’ve read that it is a side effect. […]

Childhood psychiatric symptom risk strongly linked to adverse exposures during gestation — ScienceDaily

Harmful exposures during pregnancy, including some that occur even before pregnancy is recognized, appear to significantly increase a child’s risk for psychiatric or behavioral problems early in life, researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital report. In their study of 9,290 children from the ages of 9 to 10 living in 21 communities in the United States, […]

A third of kids develop a mental health problem after concussion — ScienceDaily

A third of children and adolescents develop a mental health problem after a concussion, which could persist for several years post-injury, according to a new literature review. The research, led by the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI) and published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, found mental health should be evaluated as part of […]

Going to university does NOT protect you against dementia or heart disease, scientists confirm

Going to university and getting a degree does NOT protect you against brain shrinkage, scientists confirm Education has been linked to health advantages — including lower dementia risk  Researchers analysed the brain structure of 2,000 people at various life stages  They found university-educated people do tend to have larger brain volumes However, higher education did nothing to stave […]

Air pollution in the UK is at its LOWEST since records began

Air pollution in the UK is at the lowest since records began, according to official Government statistics.  Three of the most problematic pollutants — nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10) — dropped to all-time low levels last year due to lockdown. These pollutants are spewed out in high levels by engines, industry, […]

Researchers identify troubling disparities along race, income, education lines — ScienceDaily

More than a quarter of American infants in 2018 had not received common childhood vaccines that protect them from illnesses such as polio, tetanus, measles, mumps and chicken pox, new research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine reveals. Only 72.8% of infants aged 19-35 months had received the full series of the seven […]

Tiny miracles saved by surgery in the womb

There could barely be worse news for a mother-to-be to receive. And because of pandemic regulations, Becky had to hear it alone. ‘The sonographer said: ‘I’m so sorry, there’s something seriously wrong with your baby and she is in imminent danger,’ ‘ the 28-year-old recalls. ‘I couldn’t stop crying.’ What should have been a routine mid-pregnancy […]

Can ANYTHING cure my fear of needles? DR MARTIN SCURR answers your health questions 

I am very scared of needles, is there anything I can do to prevent myself from fainting? Brian Lewis, Cardiff. Rest assured, you are not alone. Trypanophobia, to give a fear of needles its proper name, is very common and I have much experience in counselling patients who are affected by it. Up to ten […]

Risk factor is equivalent to lead exposure, study finds — ScienceDaily

A multidecade study of young adults living in the United Kingdom has found higher rates of mental illness symptoms among those exposed to higher levels of traffic-related air pollutants, particularly nitrogen oxides, during childhood and adolescence. Previous studies have identified a link between air pollution and the risk of specific mental disorders, including depression and […]

Researchers find that people with the learning disorder sample visual material slower and with more difficulty — ScienceDaily

Researchers have long noted that readers with dyslexia employ eye movements that are significantly different from non-dyslexics. While these movements have been studied in small sample sizes in the past, a new paper written by Concordia researchers and published in the Nature journal Scientific Reports looks at a much larger group. The study used eye-tracking […]

Breastfed babies score higher on cognitive tests at age 10, study finds

Breastfeeding can boost your child’s IQ: Babies who consume breast milk for even just a few months score higher on cognitive tests at age 10, study finds Scientists reviewed test results of more than 9,000 nine and ten-year-olds Children who were breastfed for at least 12 months scored the highest But children who were breastfed […]

Over 20,000 children fell off the school register

More than 75,000 children are being home schooled this year with over 20,000 children falling off the school roll amid the Covid pandemic.  An estimated 75,668 children and young people are being home educated across England, according to figures gathered on the first school census day of the 2020/21 academic year. This represents an increase of […]

Simplifying Our World — ScienceDaily

Categorization is the brain’s tool to organize nearly everything we encounter in our daily lives. Grouping information into categories simplifies our complex world and helps us to react quickly and effectively to new experiences. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology have now shown that also mice categorize surprisingly well. The researchers identified neurons […]

‘Information theory’ recruited to help scientists find cancer genes — ScienceDaily

Using a widely known field of mathematics designed mainly to study how digital and other forms of information are measured, stored and shared, scientists at Johns Hopkins Medicine and Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center say they have uncovered a likely key genetic culprit in the development of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). ALL is the most […]

DR MARTIN SCURR: Try physio to ease chronic coughing

My wife Patricia has many illnesses including asthma, bladder problems, Crohn’s disease, type 2 diabetes and bronchiectasis. The latter condition causes bouts of chesty coughing, but we have been told there is no cure. I would appreciate any advice. Brian Jones, Torquay, Devon. Bronchiectasis is a chronic, irreversible lung condition, and coping with it must […]

Author HORATIO CLARE describes the truth of being sectioned

Those whom the Gods would destroy, the old saying goes, they first make mad. But it wasn’t the Gods who drove me to madness and destruction. It was me, writes Horatio Clare Those whom the Gods would destroy, the old saying goes, they first make mad. But it wasn’t the Gods who drove me to […]

Gene therapy shows promise in initial trial for patients with childhood blindness — ScienceDaily

A new gene therapy for one of the most common forms of congenital blindness was safe and improved patients’ vision, according to initial data from a clinical trial led by researchers at the Scheie Eye Institute in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The therapy delivers working copies of GUCY2D to […]

Results bolster previous studies finding no growth, development differences with IVF — ScienceDaily

Compared to newborns conceived traditionally, newborns conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF) are more likely to have certain chemical modifications to their DNA, according to a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health. The changes involve DNA methylation — the binding of compounds known as methyl groups to DNA — which can alter […]

Scientists identify severe asthma species, show air pollutant as likely contributor — ScienceDaily

Asthma afflicts more than 300 million people worldwide. The most severe manifestation, known as non-Th2, or non-atopic childhood asthma, represents the majority of the cases, greater than 85%, particularly in low-income countries, according to Hyunok Choi, an associate professor at the Lehigh University College of Health. Yet, whether non-Th2 is a distinct disease (or endotype) […]

Spit samples uncover genetic risk factors for pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder — ScienceDaily

Researchers at the University of Calgary and The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids), in Toronto, have discovered genetic risk factors for OCD that could help pave the way for earlier diagnosis and improved treatment for children and youth. “Our group made the first finding of a genome-wide significant risk gene relevant to childhood OCD,” says […]

Should toddlers be vaccinated against Covid-19?

In just over a week, millions of Britons will be dining at restaurants, returning to exercise classes and, at long last, getting a haircut. This easing of lockdown rules is a remarkable feat, given that just eight weeks ago Covid deaths stood at 1,500 a day and the population was stuck inside with no hope of […]

Study in mice shows lasting effects of early-life habits — ScienceDaily

Exercise and a healthy diet in childhood leads to adults with bigger brains and lower levels of anxiety, according to new UC Riverside research in mice. Though diet and exercise are consistently recommended as ways to promote health, this study is the first to examine the long-lasting, combined effects of both factors when they are […]

Key brain molecule may play role in many brain disorders — ScienceDaily

A team led by scientists at the UNC School of Medicine identified a molecule called microRNA-29 as a powerful controller of brain maturation in mammals. Deleting microRNA-29 in mice caused problems very similar to those seen in autism, epilepsy, and other neurodevelopmental conditions. The results, published in Cell Reports, illuminate an important process in the […]

I got deadly skin cancer in my garden… in Surrey

The chances of taking a foreign holiday this summer still look remote for most of us. Not that this bothers mother-of-three Jackie Palmer, who has never felt the urge to go abroad The chances of taking a foreign holiday this summer still look remote for most of us.  Not that this bothers mother-of-three Jackie Palmer, […]

COVID-19 could become the new common cold: Experts predict the virus is here to stay

COVID-19 could become the new common cold: Experts predict the virus is here to stay – but will become weaker over time Public health experts believe COVID-19 will likely become an endemic disease, meaning always present in the population but circulating at low rates  Recently, a new model looked at studies of the four common-cold […]

Rev. C.T. Vivian’s new memoir a guidebook for today’s activists

The Baptist minister and director of national affiliates for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) had led a group of people to register to vote in Selma, Alabama, on February 16, 1965. “I had to get back up because otherwise people would have been defeated by violence. We can never allow violence to defeat nonviolence,” […]

Q&A: How the scars of Flint’s water crisis shake city’s faith in Covid-19 vaccine

In 2014, the state’s public officials assured the residents that their water was safe to drink. It wasn’t. Now, with the coronavirus vaccine rolling out across the country, some Flint residents are wondering whether or not it’s safe to take. Hesitancy is particularly high in some Black communities, which have a history of being discriminated […]

Pokémon at 25: How 151 fictional species took over the world

Written by Oscar Holland, CNN When the Gameboy titles “Pocket Monsters: Red” and “Pocket Monsters: Green” were first released in Japan in 1996, few could have predicted what came next. The concept was simple enough: Players would traverse a fictional world capturing, training and battling the creatures that inhabited it — a mission encapsulated in […]

An educator in Mexico is inspiring children to protect nature

Not Maritza Morales Casanova. Morales Casanova grew up in Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula. An area of rich and vibrant biodiversity, it’s home to more than 7,300 animal species and over 2,300 plant varieties, some of which are found only here and nowhere else. However, the Yucatán ecosystem is threatened by land clearance for farming. Having witnessed […]

Family estrangement: Why rifts happen and how to cope with them

McGregor, and the people who write to her, are not alone in their rifts with family members. It’s something they have in common with millions of people. Over a quarter of adults responding to a US survey by the Cornell Family Reconciliation Project reported being estranged from a family member. The representational survey, which is […]

Malcolm X: We can finally meet the real man (opinion)

No less than Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X hovers over this national moment of reckoning around racial justice. His continued resonance in policy arenas related to ending mass incarceration, police brutality and the war on drugs is evident. So is Malcolm’s indefatigable pursuit of a human rights agenda broad enough to recognize the universality […]

Best alarm clocks of 2021

(CNN) —   Having an alarm clock may seem outdated with your smartphone’s endless number of tones and apps available to wake you up. But using your phone before you tuck in can lead to lower-quality sleep and, let’s be honest, don’t you rely on your phone for enough already? So if you want to […]

Home products to make you happy

(CNN) —   Home is where the heart is… and where we currently spend the vast majority of our time. In addition to navigating an ongoing global pandemic, the winter is also a time when hibernation is normal. However, endless hours spent underneath the same roof and the same four walls can make anyone grow […]

Overlooked No More: Barbara Waxman Fiduccia, Reproductive Rights Advocate

Fiduccia pushed for increased access to reproductive services, including mammograms and pelvic exams. She and others successfully lobbied to expand the national Hate Crime Statistics Act to include violence against people with disabilities. She also served on the California attorney general’s Civil Rights Commission on Hate Crimes. With her future husband, Daniel Fiduccia, a legal […]

Birth defects linked to greater risk of cancer in later life

Credit: CC0 Public Domain People born with major birth defects face a higher risk of cancer throughout life, although the relative risk is greatest in childhood and then declines, finds a study published by The BMJ today. The researchers found a continued increased risk of cancer in people who had been born with both non-chromosomal […]

Study finds some primary school-aged children self-harm, as experts call for earlier intervention

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain New research reveals that some primary school-aged children have self-harmed, prompting calls for intervention efforts to start earlier. Led by researchers at the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI) and the University of Melbourne, the study assessed more than 1200 children living in Melbourne, Australia, each year from age 8-9 years (wave […]

Wie technische Geräte Kinder beeinflussen

Nicht der Umgang mit technischen Geräten an sich, sondern die genutzten Inhalte beeinflussen die emotionale Entwicklung von Kindern im Vorschulalter. Das zeigt eine Studie aus Russland. “Russische Kinder im Alter von 5 bis 6 Jahren verbringen durchschnittlich 20 bis 40 Stunden pro Woche mit technischen Geräten”, erklärte Ekaterina Rybakova, Gründerin der University of Childhood Foundation […]

Maradona buried in Buenos Aires as world mourns flawed football legend

Argentina’s Diego Maradona, one of the world’s greatest ever football players, was buried on Thursday amid a global outpouring of grief from the streets of Buenos Aires to Naples in Italy. The death of Maradona at the age of 60 on Wednesday, following a heart attack, has sparked both mourning and celebrations of a true sporting star, who […]

Genetic discovery could lead to better prediction of suicide risk within families

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain Every 11 minutes, an American dies by suicide. That’s 132 people a day or more than 48,000 annually. For those left behind, the haunting question is why. One emerging factor is family history. Perhaps the most famous example is Ernest Hemingway’s family. In addition to his own suicide in 1961, the […]

Specific bacterium in the gut linked to irritable bowel syndrome

Micrograph showing inflammation of the large bowel in a case of inflammatory bowel disease. Colonic biopsy. Credit: Wikipedia/CC BY-SA 3.0 Researchers at the University of Gothenburg have detected a connection between Brachyspira, a genus of bacteria in the intestines, and IBS—especially the form that causes diarrhea. Although the discovery needs confirmation in larger studies, there […]

Early birth linked to greater risk of hospital visits during childhood

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Being born early (before 37 weeks’ gestation) is associated with a higher risk of hospital admission throughout childhood than being born at full term (40 weeks’ gestation), finds a study published by The BMJ today. Although the risk declined as the children grew up, particularly after age 2, an excess risk […]

Aim to exceed weekly recommended physical activity level to offset health harms of prolonged sitting

Credit: CC0 Public Domain New additional research shows that increasing physical activity can counter early death risk linked to long periods of sedentary time The health harms associated with prolonged sitting can be offset by exceeding weekly recommended physical activity levels, says the World Health Organization (WHO) in new global guidelines on physical activity and […]

Obesity is not only the individual’s responsibility

Statistical differences were found in all of the categories on the graph. Credit: Adapted from Table 3 in Asahara et al. PLOS ONE, 2020. Research based on 5425 citizens’ responses to a questionnaire survey has illuminated that obesity causes are linked to various factors in addition to the individual’s current socioeconomic circumstances, including childhood experiences, […]

Argentine football legend Diego Maradona dies at 60

Issued on: 25/11/2020 – 18:08 Argentine football legend Diego Maradona has died of a heart attack at the age of 60, his spokesman announced Wednesday. The announcement came two weeks after Maradona was released from a Buenos Aires hospital after undergoing surgery to remove a blood clot on his brain. Alongside Brazil’s Pele, Maradona is widely regarded […]

Premature Birth Tied to Increased Depression Risk

Girls born extremely prematurely may have an increased risk of depression from childhood through young adulthood. Using Finnish birth and health registries, researchers studied 37,682 people diagnosed with mild, moderate or severe depression, comparing them with 148,795 healthy controls. The children were born between 1987 and 2007, and their average age at diagnosis was 16. […]

COVID-19 vaccines were developed in record time – but are these game-changers safe?

This scanning electron microscope image shows SARS-CoV-2 (yellow)—also known as 2019-nCoV, the virus that causes COVID-19—isolated from a patient, emerging from the surface of cells (blue/pink) cultured in the lab. Credit: NIAID-RML There are now two COVID-19 vaccines that, at least according to preliminary reports, appear to be 94.5% and 95% effective. Both were developed […]

Maraxilibat reduces debilitating itching in children with Alagille syndrome

Credit: CC0 Public Domain On behalf of Childhood Liver Disease Research Network (ChiLDReN), Texas Children’s Hospital and Baylor College of Medicine researchers report that prolonged treatment with Maraxilibat resulted in clinically meaningful improvements in debilitating itching (pruritus) and related quality of life outcomes in children with Alagille syndrome. This syndrome is a rare genetic systemic […]

British writer Douglas Stuart wins Booker Prize for coming-of-age novel ‘Shuggie Bain’

Issued on: 20/11/2020 – 00:50 Scottish author Douglas Stuart on Thursday was awarded the 2020 Booker Prize for his acclaimed debut novel “Shuggie Bain,” set in his home city of Glasgow.  “I always wanted to be a writer so this is fulfilling a dream,” said Stuart, whose novel about a working-class family in the 1980s […]

Cesarean-born babies at increased risk of infection-related hospitalisation in childhood

Cesarean-born babies are at increased risk during early childhood of being hospitalised due to an infection, according to a new study of over seven million births from four countries. Credit: Bonnie Kittle Cesarean-born babies are at increased risk during early childhood of being hospitalised due to an infection, according to a new study of over […]

Will social distancing weaken my immune system?

Will social distancing weaken my immune system? AP Illustration/Peter Hamlin Will social distancing weaken my immune system? In short, no. Some worry a lack of contact with others will weaken their immune system by reducing its active contact with germs. But even when we’re staying 6 feet from others or spending most of our time […]

Boris Johnson reveals love of French cartoon Asterix in new literacy campaign

Issued on: 18/11/2020 – 16:42 British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has revealed his childhood love of French cartoon Asterix with its “magic potion and eating whole boars” as he backed football star Marcus Rashford’s literacy campaign.  “Well done, Marcus, on your fantastic initiative,” Johnson said in comments to the Sun newspaper published Wednesday. “I read […]

Children in U.S. May Miss 9 Million Vaccine Doses in 2020, Report Warns

Children in the United States are on pace this year to miss nine million vaccine doses for measles, polio and other highly contagious diseases, according to medical claims data — a disruption that health care authorities called alarming and attributed to the coronavirus pandemic. The data was made public on Wednesday by the Blue Cross […]

Breakthrough in childhood brain cancer will save lives

Credit: CC0 Public Domain A scientific breakthrough has enabled experts to predict relapse in a common childhood cancer and means doctors can tailor treatment for each individual child and improve prognosis. Research by Newcastle University, UK, has revealed that experts can identify the time, nature and outcome of medulloblastoma relapse from the biology of the […]

scientist couple in global spotlight

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Progress on a COVID-19 vaccine has propelled the modest husband-and-wife team behind German firm BioNTech into the global limelight, with attention inevitably focussing on their background as the children of Turkish immigrants. Ugur Sahin and his wife Ozlem Tureci founded BioNTech in the western German city of Mainz in 2008, and […]

Pneumonia kills 140,000 children each year in Nigeria

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain Pneumonia kills around 143,000 children under the age of five each year in Nigeria, the government said Thursday, with the coronavirus pandemic hampering access to life-saving treatment. Medical oxygen coupled with antibiotics can help cut the number of deaths—but the pandemic has seen a surge in demand, according to UNICEF, making […]

Millions at risk as coronavirus disrupts immunisation campaigns: UN

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Millions of people, including in Africa’s most populous country Nigeria, risk contracting diseases such as polio and measles as the coronavirus pandemic has halted vaccination campaigns, the UN said Wednesday. Additional financial resources are needed to safely resume vaccinations, the UN childrens’ agency UNICEF and the World Health Organization said in […]

Almost 1 in 5 parents are ‘vaccine hesitant,’ study finds

(HealthDay)—Nearly one in five American parents described themselves as “hesitant about childhood shots” in 2019, a new U.S. government study finds. That was fewer than the one in four who expressed hesitancy about vaccines in 2018. The new research found real consequences from vaccine hesitancy. Rates of flu vaccination were 26 percentage points lower in […]

Pfizer’s Early Data Shows Vaccine Is More Than 90% Effective

The drug maker Pfizer announced on Monday that an early analysis of its coronavirus vaccine trial suggested the vaccine was robustly effective in preventing Covid-19, a promising development as the world has waited anxiously for any positive news about a pandemic that has killed more than 1.2 million people. Pfizer, which developed the vaccine with […]

Here’s how to improve packaged foods nutrition

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Researchers from Illinois State University, North Carolina State University, University of South Carolina, and University of Maryland published a new paper in the Journal of Marketing that examines the impact of moving nutrition labels, typically placed on the back of product packages, to the front. The study, forthcoming in the Journal […]

Poor nutrition in school years may have created 20 cm height gap across nations

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain A new global analysis led by Imperial College London, and published in journal The Lancet, has assessed the height and weight of school-aged children and adolescents across the world. The study, which used data from 65 million children aged five to 19 years old in 193 countries, revealed that school-aged children‘s’ […]

Married, single, kids or not, participating in workforce may protect women’s memory

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Women who work in the paid labor force in early adulthood and middle age may have slower memory decline later in life than women who do not work for pay, according to a new study published in the November 4, 2020, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American […]

Betty Dodson, Women’s Guru of Self-Pleasure, Dies at 91

Betty Dodson, a feminist sexologist and evangelist of self-pleasure who taught generations of women how to masturbate in workshops, books and videos, seeing the do-it-yourself climax as a liberating social force, died on Saturday at a nursing home in New York City. She was 91. The cause was cirrhosis of the liver, said Carlin Ross, […]

Wie Bauernhöfe vor Asthma im Kindesalter schützen

Bauernhofkinder haben ein geringeres Asthmarisiko als Kinder, die nicht auf einem Bauernhof leben. Die Mechanismen dahinter sind nicht vollständig bekannt. Eine Forschungsgruppe des Helmholtz Zentrums München und des Dr. von Haunerschen Kinderspitals der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU) klärte nun, wie das Darmmikrobiom von Kindern an diesem Schutzprozess beteiligt ist. Ab Geburt sind wir einer Umwelt voller […]

What Losing My Father Taught Me About Parenting, Planets and Pain

When we said goodbye, last New Year’s Eve, my father had already become hard of hearing. The end was very near. In our final video chat, I was able to show him how the rug from his childhood home, which we carried back across the Atlantic in an oversize suitcase on the plane, fit just […]

Are ‘Kidfluencers’ Making Our Kids Fat?

“It looks like a normal child playing with their normal games, but as a researcher who studies childhood obesity, the branded products really stood out to me,” Dr. Bragg said. “When you watch these videos and the kids are pretending to bake things in the kitchen or unwrapping presents, it looks relatable. But really it’s […]

Impacts of family structure on puberty onset in girls

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Girls who do not live with both parents from birth to age two may be at higher risk of starting puberty at a younger age than girls living with both parents, research published in the open access journal BMC Pediatrics suggests. The authors suggest that their findings support the hypothesis that […]

Reduced flexible behavior in autistic individuals is driven by less optimal learning

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show reduced flexible behavior on a probabilistic reversal learning task, underpinned by less optimal learning within each developmental stage, according to a study published October 27 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Daisy Crawley of King’s College London and Lei Zhang of University of […]

Cerebrospinal fluid as liquid biopsy for characterizing and policing of medulloblastoma

Joan Seoane, Director of Translational Research, Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology (VHIO). Credit: VHIO Building on previous research 1—3 led by Joan Seoane, Director of Translational Research at the Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology (VHIO) and ICREA Research Professor, latest findings from a proof-of-concept study published in Nature Communications, show that the analysis of cerebrospinal […]

Jeannette Williams-Parker, Nurse in a Virus Hot Spot, Dies at 48

This obituary is part of a series about people who have died in the coronavirus pandemic. Read about others here. Jeannette Williams-Parker loved rock music from the 1980s and ’90s. She played AC/DC and Prince while driving or cleaning the house. The big, loud beat spoke to her mischievous side, starting from her childhood: the 2-year-old […]

PTSD and alcohol abuse go hand-in-hand, but males and females exhibit symptoms differently

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Through intricate experiments designed to account for sex-specific differences, scientists at Scripps Research have collaborated to zero in on certain changes in the brain that may be responsible for driving alcohol abuse among people with post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD. In studies with rodents, researchers found that males and females exhibit […]

Depression in Pregnancy May Raise Risk of Childhood Asthma

A mother’s psychological distress during pregnancy may increase the risk for asthma in her child, a new study suggests. Researchers had the parents of 4,231 children fill out well-validated questionnaires on psychological stress in the second trimester of pregnancy, and again three years later. The mothers also completed questionnaires at two and six months after […]

Stressing freedom, vaccine opponents rebranding in virus era

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Years before this year’s anti-mask and reopening demonstrations, vaccine opponents were working on reinventing their image around a rallying cry of civil liberties and medical freedom. Now, boosted by the pandemic and the political climate, their rebranding is appealing to a different subset of society invested in civil liberties—and, some health […]

Could reducing painful procedures help premature infants’ brains?

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Premature infants born earlier than 28 weeks gestation who experience fewer needle pokes while receiving life-saving care in the neonatal intensive care unit may have better growth of a part of the brain called the thalamus. The new study is published in the October 21, 2020, online issue of Neurology, the […]

Highly effective tumor detection strategy for common childhood brain tumors

Credit: Human Brain Project A team of scientists at Texas A&M University, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children’s Hospital have developed a way to more accurately both detect and monitor a common type of pediatric brain cancer, setting the stage for giving clinicians a real-time view into how the cancer responds to treatment. Medulloblastoma […]

Study reveals restoration of retinal and visual function following gene therapy

A mutation in an inherited blindness mouse model abolishes the expression of RPE65, a key enzyme in a visual cycle, in the RPE cells. Base editing treatment can correct the mutation and restore functional RPE65 (green), thereby restoring vision in mice. Credit: Nature Biomedical Engineering A breakthrough study, led by researchers from the University of […]

Bogus ‘cure’ claims have U.S. consumers snapping up CBD products

(HealthDay)—CBD has been widely marketed as a cure-all for whatever ails you, and a new study finds many Americans are buying the sales pitch. Researchers tracking a Reddit forum on CBD found many folks discussing use of cannabidiol to treat conditions for which there are proven, safe and effective medicines and therapies. Forum participants said […]

Early trauma influences metabolism across generations

Credit: CC0 Public Domain People who live through traumatic experiences in childhood often suffer long-lasting consequences that affect their mental and physical health. But moreover, their children and grandchildren can also be impacted as well. In this particular form of inheritance, sperm and egg cells pass on information to offspring not through their DNA sequence […]

Researchers mine data and connect the dots about processes driving neuroblastoma

Michael Dyer, Ph.D., chair of the St. Jude Department of Developmental Neurobiology Credit: St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital October 14, 2020) Researchers have used insight from a comprehensive genomic analysis of neuroblastoma to learn about the process driving one of the most common childhood solid tumors. The findings revealed possible approaches for developing precision medicines […]

Novel software assesses phonologial awareness

The ATLAS program—the first test of its kind for children with speech and/or language impairment—can help parents, early childhood teachers and paraeducators more accurately measure progress for children with a range of skill levels. Credit: Royalty-free via Pxhere Understanding sounds in language is a critical building block for child literacy, yet this skill is often […]

Maltreatment tied to higher inflammation in girls

Katherine Ehrlich. Credit: University of Georgia New research by a University of Georgia scientist reveals that girls who are maltreated show higher levels of inflammation at an early age than boys who are maltreated or children who have not experienced abuse. This finding may forecast chronic mental and physical health problems in midlife. Led by […]

Clinic reduces GA1 brain injury risk by 83% with therapies developed over 30 years

A new study summarizes over 30 years of clinical experience in the treatment and management of glutaric acidemia type 1 (GA1), a rare and potentially devastating metabolic disorder caused by variants in the GCDH gene. The study followed the clinical course of 168 individuals with GA1 who were born between 1973 and 2019 and originated […]

Scenes of childhood hunger left lasting impression on AHA’s Empowered to Serve scholar

Lady Dorothy Elli works to address food insecurity for students. Photo courtesy: Lady Dorothy Elli While growing up in the Philippines, Lady Dorothy Elli witnessed childhood hunger and poverty that left her with lasting impressions. She has made it her mission to address the problem of food insecurity and the negative impact it can have […]

Depression/anxiety in mums-to-be linked to heightened asthma risk in their kids

Depression and anxiety in mums-to-be is linked to a heightened risk of asthma and poorer lung function in their 10 year old children, finds research published online in the journal Thorax. The findings suggest that the risk of later life respiratory disease is likely programmed in the womb, rather than necessarily influenced by as yet […]

A conduit for prenatal inflammation?

Immune cells (in green) on the mouse choroid plexus, with blood vessels in red. Credit: Shipley et al., Neuron 2020, 10.1016/j.neuron.2020.08.024 Floating in fluid deep in the brain are small, little understood fronds of tissue. Two new studies reveal that these miniature organs are a hotbed of immune system activity. This activity may protect the […]

How Covid-19 and Power Tools Helped Heal My Relationship With My Son

When my son, Noah, entered seventh grade, his voice deepened and his personality changed. Gone was my chatty sidekick. In his place was a sullen recluse. Moms with older sons assured me this was normal. “It will pass,” they promised. It took five years. And even though the new Noah laughed freely and didn’t flee […]

Kindheitsbelastungen: Mitochondriale Veränderungen werden nicht “vererbt”

Forschende der Universität Ulm haben untersucht, wie sich belastende Kindheitserfahrungen auf den mitochondrialen Energiestoffwechsel der Immunzellen von Müttern auswirken. Außerdem wollten sie wissen, ob sich solche bioenergetischen Veränderungen auch bei den Kindern nachweisen lassen. Für die Studie analysierten die WissenschaftlerInnen die Aktivität und Dichte von Mitochondrien in Immunzellen von Müttern und ihren neugeborenen Kindern. Das […]

Early education gives East Asian and the Pacific children a strong head start

Children in the region will benefit from a more accessible pre-school education. Credit: famveldman/123rf Young children in East Asia and the Pacific who attend preschool show better cognitive, language and socio-emotional development than those who don’t, according to a study published in Early Childhood Research Quarterly. The study’s findings highlight the importance of making early […]

Anti-vaxxer misinformation goes viral in the Philippines

Online misinformation is leaching out from cheap mobile phones and free Facebook plans used by millions in the Philippines, convincing many to reject vaccinations for polio and other deadly diseases. Childhood immunisation rates have plummeted in the country—from 87 percent in 2014 to 68 percent—resulting in a measles epidemic and the reemergence of polio last […]

Risk of self-harm increases for boys and girls who experience earlier puberty

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Boys and girls who experience puberty earlier than their peers have an increased risk of self-harm in adolescence, a study funded by the National Institute for Health Research Bristol Biomedical Research Centre (NIHR Bristol BRC) and published in the journal Epidemiology & Psychiatric Sciences today has found. This is the first […]

Supercharged ‘clones’ spark scarlet fever’s re-emergence

The University of Queensland’s Dr Stephan Brouwer is helping reveal why scarlet fever is making a comeback. Credit: The University of Queensland A University of Queensland-led team of international researchers says supercharged “clones” of the bacteria Streptococcus pyogenes are to blame for the resurgence of the disease, which has caused high death rates for centuries. […]

Results from Australian personalized medicine program

Thomas Edney was 2.5 when he was admitted into hospital with tumors in his brain and spinal cord. Multiple diagnoses and a failure to improve led him to the ZERO program whichshowed a mutation believed to be driving Thomas’ cancer. The ZERO team was able tofind a therapy capable of targeting the mutation. In November […]

Caesarean birth, prolonged labour influence infant gut bacteria, risk of childhood obesity and allergies

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Events at birth may affect the microbes living in a baby’s gut during the first few months of life, leading to a higher risk of childhood obesity and allergies, according to a new study published in the journal Gastroenterology. The researchers used data from the CHILD Cohort Study (CHILD) to look […]

Childhood chemo alters heart’s caretaker cells, study finds

Gregory Aune, MD, PhD, and his team at the Greehey Children’s Cancer Research Institute, part of UT Health San Antonio, seek answers to the puzzle of why some children who receive chemotherapy go on to develop heart failure in adulthood. Credit: UT Health San Antonio Cancer chemotherapy changes the function of cells that repair heart […]

How changing vaccine schedules can save costs and lives: Findings from South Africa

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain In 2005, before most low- and middle-income countries started vaccinating children routinely for pneumococcal disease, it caused approximately 1.5 million deaths worldwide annually. About 700,000 to 1 million of these deaths were in children under five years. Pneumococcal disease occurs when Streptococcus pneumoniae invades a normally sterile area of the body, […]

Tax return bombshell puts Trump on the defensive ahead of first debate

Issued on: 29/09/2020 – 04:02 Joe Biden’s campaign seized on a fresh line of attack on the eve of the Democratic presidential nominee’s first debate with President Donald Trump, accusing the Republican incumbent of gaming the system to avoid paying his fair share of taxes. Trump, a self-proclaimed billionaire who is seeking reelection in the […]