Genomic analysis of human samples from dry caves shows stark differences with modern industrialized bacterial populations. — ScienceDaily


Scientists are rapidly gathering evidence that variants of gut microbiomes, the collections of bacteria and other microbes in our digestive systems, may play harmful roles in diabetes and other diseases. Now Joslin Diabetes Center scientists have found dramatic differences between gut microbiomes from ancient North American peoples and modern microbiomes, offering new evidence on how […]

new research offers hope for Alzheimer’s disease — ScienceDaily


Since the discovery of Alzheimer’s disease over a century ago, two hallmarks of the devastating illness have taken center stage. The first, known as amyloid plaques, are dense accumulations of misfolded amyloid protein, occurring in the spaces between nerve cells. Most efforts to halt the advance of Alzheimer’s disease have targeted amyloid protein plaques. To […]

People living with HIV more likely to get sick with, die from COVID-19 — ScienceDaily


Over the past year, studies have revealed that certain pre-existing conditions, such as cancer, diabetes and high blood pressure, can increase a person’s risk of dying from COVID-19. New research shows that individuals living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) — an estimated 38 million worldwide, according to the World […]

No difference between those who did and didn’t take these drugs for 1-2 years — ScienceDaily


Long term use of prescription meds for insomnia doesn’t seem to improve disturbed sleep in middle-aged women, suggests research published in the online journal BMJ Open. There was no difference in sleep quality or duration between those who did and didn’t take these meds for 1 to 2 years, the findings show. Disturbed sleep — […]

Jab that curbs calorie intake and cravings could help fight obesity crisis, study shows 


Dieters’ weight-loss wonder-drug: Jab that curbs calorie intake and cravings could help fight obesity crisis, study shows Experts say semaglutide could play major role in combating the obesity crisis Patients given the weekly jab lost a tenth of their body weight in just 20 weeks  Participants also ate 35% fewer calories when offered an unlimited […]

Researchers find reassuring evidence that pregnancy does not increase patient’s risk of dying when hospitalized with pneumonia — ScienceDaily


Pregnant women who develop severe COVID-19 infections that require hospitalization for pneumonia and other complications may not be more likely to die from these infections than non-pregnant women. In fact, they may have significantly lower death rates than their non-pregnant counterparts. That is the finding of a new study published today in the Annals of […]

Lighting up biology from within — ScienceDaily


A biochemical reaction between an enzyme called luciferase and oxygen causes fireflies to glow and is considered one of the most well-known examples of bioluminescence in nature. Now, an international team of researchers led by Elena Goun at the University of Missouri is working to harness the power of bioluminescence in a low-cost, noninvasive portable […]

Sleeping pills DON’T work as a long-term cure for insomnia, study reveals


Sleeping pills fail to work as a long-term cure for insomnia, a study reveals. Clinical trials have previously indicated the drugs may aid sleep difficulties for up to six months. But researchers say doctors and patients should reconsider their extended use after finding they make no difference after one or two years. They assessed data […]

A new approach for treating obesity — ScienceDaily


A receptor that helps conserve energy when food is scarce may be the key to a safer approach to treating diet-induced obesity, research led by the Garvan Institute of Medical Research has revealed. In a study using experimental models and fat tissue biopsies from obese individuals, the team revealed that blocking a specific receptor of […]

Diabetes cases DOUBLE in 15 years as five million Britons have condition, figures reveal


The number of diabetics has doubled to five million in just 15 years, shock figures revealed yesterday. Almost 4.1million Britons have been diagnosed with the condition, compared with just over two million back in 2004/05. A further 850,000 are thought to have the Type 2 form of the illness without knowing, according to Diabetes UK. […]

Vegetarians have healthier levels of disease markers than meat-eaters — ScienceDaily


Vegetarians appear to have a healthier biomarker profile than meat-eaters, and this applies to adults of any age and weight, and is also unaffected by smoking and alcohol consumption, according to a new study in over 166,000 UK adults, being presented at this week’s European Congress on Obesity (ECO), held online this year. Biomarkers can […]

New finding suggests cognitive problems caused by repeat mild head hits could be treated — ScienceDaily


A neurologic pathway by which non-damaging but high frequency brain impact blunts normal brain function and causes long-term problems with learning and memory has been identified. The finding suggests that tailored drug therapy can be designed and developed to reactivate and normalize cognitive function, say neuroscientists at Georgetown University Medical Center. The investigators, working with […]

Engineering diseased human skin in vitro — ScienceDaily


The skin, which covers the surface of the human body, is its largest organ. It is the first organ to show changes stemming from organ or physiological activity. It is especially common for diabetic patients to suffer from skin diseases or infections. Recently, a POSTECH research team has succeeded in creating a 3D artificial skin […]

Prenatal exposure to famine heightens risk for later being overweight — ScienceDaily


An analysis of historical medical records found that men who were prenatally exposed during early gestation to the Dutch famine of 1944-1945 were 30 percent more likely to be overweight with a Body Mass Index of 25 or over at age 19, compared to a similar group not exposed to the famine. Professor L. H. […]

Microneedle patch delivers antibiotics locally in the skin — ScienceDaily


MRSA skin infections are often treated with intravenous injection of antibiotics, which can cause significant side effects and promote the development of resistant bacterial strains. To solve these problems, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden are developing a microneedle patch that delivers antibiotics directly into the affected skin area. New results published in Advanced Materials […]

Babies withms | Daily Mail Online


Babies with stressed parents are more likely to become fat children because their parents might overfeed them or pass on anxiety that triggers comfort eating, study claims Children gained more weight between five and 14 if their father was stressed But the same link was not true between mothers and sons, a UCL study found […]

Scientists insist a woman’s fertility doesn’t always fall off a cliff after 35


One of the UK’s top fertility experts has hit out at older celebrity mothers who ‘mislead’ women into thinking having a baby in their 40s is easy. In March, BBC presenter Christine Lampard, 42, became the latest in a line of famous faces to give birth in their 40s, following the likes of Nicole Kidman, […]

Managing children’s weight, blood pressure and cholesterol protects brain function mid-life — ScienceDaily


Managing weight, blood pressure and cholesterol in children may help protect brain function in later life, according to new research published today in the American Heart Association’s flagship journal Circulation. This is the first study to highlight that cardiovascular risk factors accumulated from childhood through mid-life may influence poor cognitive performance at midlife. Previous research […]

Women who plan to have a C section are no more likely to suffer poor outcomes


Planned caesareans pose no bigger threat than vaginal deliveries for either mother or baby, according to a study. NHS doctors tend to only carry out the major procedure if it is considered the safest option because it carries several risks. But Canadian researchers have now challenged the claims, finding that it may even be better […]

PROFESSOR ROY TAYLOR explains the science behind type 2 diabetes


Barely a day goes by without type 2 diabetes hitting the headlines. Last week alone there were two major stories about the condition.  A study from French researchers showed that if you develop type 2 in middle age, it doubles your risk of getting dementia by the age of 70. Another study, which looked at […]

Hundreds of fat children should be given NHS weight-loss ops


Hundreds of fat children should be offered NHS weight-loss surgery to reverse their diabetes, according to a leading medic. Growing numbers of youngsters in England — some as young as six — suffer type 2 diabetes. The condition occurs when the body loses its ability to process sugar and is often sparked by obesity.  It […]

Nearly half of older millennials have at least one chronic health condition


Nearly half of older millennials already have chronic health conditions, a new survey suggests.  Some 44 percent of people born between 1981 and 1988 have already been diagnosed with at least one chronic medical condition, according to the CNBC/Harris poll.  The most common conditions among the group were migraines, depression and asthma, diabetes type 2 […]

Secret behind maintaining a healthy weight loss — ScienceDaily


Half of the Danish population have overweight, while 17 percent live with obesity. Worldwide, almost 40 procent have overweight and 13 procent live with obesity. The condition is associated with increased risk for early death, as well as sequelae such as Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and infertility. Weight regain after an initial successful […]

One cup of leafy greens a day lowers risk of heart disease, study says


Eating just one cup of raw vegetables daily, such as leafy greens like spinach, boosts your cardiovascular health, a new study reveals. In a sample of over 50,000 people, the biggest eaters of nitrate-rich vegetables had lower blood pressure and up to 26 per cent lower risk of heart disease, experts found.  Just one cup is […]

Defective epithelial barriers linked to two billion chronic diseases — ScienceDaily


Epithelial cells form the covering of most internal and external surfaces of the human body. This protective layer acts as a defense against invaders — including bacteria, viruses, environmental toxins, pollutants and allergens. If the skin and mucosal barriers are damaged or leaky, foreign agents such as bacteria can enter into the tissue and cause […]

Pre-diabetes nearly DOUBLES the risk of having a heart attack or stroke, study finds


Pre-diabetes nearly DOUBLES the risk of having a heart attack or stroke because high blood sugar damages the arteries, study finds Pre-diabetes is when sugar levels are high but not as high as type 2 diabetes It is common and thought to affect a third of adults in the US and 7million Brits   And now […]

Health: Getting too much OR too little sleep can increase your risk of heart disease


People who get six to seven hours of sleep per night are less likely to die of a heart attack or stroke than those who get more or less shut-eye, a study has concluded. Researchers from the US studied data on the sleep habits and cardiovascular health of more than 14,000 people, looking to see who […]

Inside Moroccan maternity ward where Malian mother gave birth to record breaking NINE babies


Incredible footage from inside a Moroccan maternity unit has captured the astonishing birth of nine babies to a single mother – as the premature newborns beat the odds to survive. Doctors today revealed how they delivered the five girls and four boys on Tuesday, and have confirmed that all nine newborns and their mother Halima […]

Psychological distress found to double the risk of subsequent cardiac events in younger adults — ScienceDaily


Young and middle-aged adults who reported severe psychological distress — such as depression or anxiety — after suffering a heart attack were more than twice as likely to suffer a second cardiac event within five years compared with those experiencing only mild distress, according to a study presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 70th […]

Study confirms racial differences in response to prostate cancer treatment — ScienceDaily


A study designed to enroll an equal number of Black and white men with advanced prostate cancer confirms key findings that have been evident in retrospective analyses and suggest potential new avenues for treating Black patients who disproportionately die of the disease. Researchers at Duke Cancer Institute enrolled 50 Black and 50 white men with […]

Healthy young adults who had COVID-19 may have long-term impact on blood vessels and heart health — ScienceDaily


New research published in Experimental Physiology highlights the possible long term health impacts of COVID-19 on young, relatively healthy adults who were not hospitalized and who only had minor symptoms due to the virus. Increased stiffness of arteries in particular was found in young adults, which may impact heart health, and can also be important […]

Researchers urge people who are immunocompromised to strictly follow COVID-19 safety measures, even after vaccination — ScienceDaily


In a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers show that although two doses of a vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 — the virus that causes COVID 19 — confers some protection for people who have received solid organ transplants, it’s still not enough to enable them to dispense […]

Sugary beverage consumption in adolescence, young adulthood associated with increased risk — ScienceDaily


Colorectal cancer diagnoses have increased among people under age 50 in recent years and researchers are seeking reasons why. A new study led by Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has found a link between drinking sugar-sweetened beverages and an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer in women under age 50. The findings […]

Mail on Sunday launches campaign urging NHS bosses to let us all see our GPs face to face again


If there is one story which encapsulates the distress of families as GPs remain behind closed doors during this pandemic, then this is it. And to health chiefs who continue to insist patients should only be seen face-to-face where absolutely necessary, it should serve as a warning shot: to open up ALL surgeries again, or […]

Childhood psychiatric symptom risk strongly linked to adverse exposures during gestation — ScienceDaily


Harmful exposures during pregnancy, including some that occur even before pregnancy is recognized, appear to significantly increase a child’s risk for psychiatric or behavioral problems early in life, researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital report. In their study of 9,290 children from the ages of 9 to 10 living in 21 communities in the United States, […]

Child obesity cases treated in hospital have more than doubled in two years, figures show 


Child obesity cases treated in NHS hospitals have more than doubled in two years and tripled since 2014 Number of babies and toddlers treated in hospital for obesity more than doubled in two years Obesity contributory factor in 1,087 patients aged four and under last year The figure has more than tripled from 336 in […]

A fifth of American dialysis patients are still vaccine hesitant, up to 30% of minority patients


About 20 percent of dialysis patients are hesitant to receive the COVID-19 vaccine, with black, Native American and Pacific Islander patients being most likely to show hesitancy.  Younger patients and female patients are also more likely to be hesitant. Hesitancy for each group is up to 30 percent of the population. A nationwide survey conducted […]

Teacher at Miami school told fifth graders not to HUG vaccinated parents


A fifth-grade teacher at Centner Academy, a private school in Miami, told 10-year-old students not to hug their parents for more than five seconds if their parents were vaccinated.   The teacher also advised the students not to get the COVID-19 vaccine when available to them. The school’s co-founder, Leila Centner, told teachers that her academy would […]

Wearable glucose monitors shed light on progression of Type 2 diabetes in Hispanic adults — ScienceDaily


In one of the first studies of its kind, medical and engineering researchers have shown wearable devices that continuously monitor blood sugar provide new insights into the progression of Type 2 diabetes among at-risk Hispanic/Latino adults. The findings by researchers from Sansum Diabetes Research Institute (SDRI) and Rice University are available online this week in […]

Air pollution in the UK is at its LOWEST since records began


Air pollution in the UK is at the lowest since records began, according to official Government statistics.  Three of the most problematic pollutants — nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10) — dropped to all-time low levels last year due to lockdown. These pollutants are spewed out in high levels by engines, industry, […]

UK’s ‘longest-suffering Covid patient’ who has been in hospital for a YEAR vomits every day


A coronavirus survivor thought to be Britain’s longest-suffering patient has been left vomiting every day.  Jason Kelk, 49, from Leeds, was rushed to hospital with a chest infection last April, which turned out to be Covid.  The primary school IT teacher, who has not left the hospital since, was transferred to intensive care and hooked […]

Avocado discovery may point to leukemia treatment — ScienceDaily


A compound in avocados may ultimately offer a route to better leukemia treatment, says a new University of Guelph study. The compound targets an enzyme that scientists have identified for the first time as being critical to cancer cell growth, said Dr. Paul Spagnuolo, Department of Food Science. Published recently in the journal Blood, the […]

Risk factors for a severe course of COVID-19 in people with diabetes — ScienceDaily


People with diabetes are at increased risk of developing a severe course of COVID-19 compared to people without diabetes. The question to be answered is whether all people with diabetes have an increased risk of severe COVID-19, or whether specific risk factors can also be identified within this group. A new study by DZD researchers […]

Should you ignore the food traffic lights?


You see them on food packets — red, amber and green colours that are supposed to depict whether the food you are putting in your basket is healthy — or not. Introduced in 2013 by the Food Standards Agency, the traffic light colours are assigned for levels of fat, saturated fat, sugar and salt. The […]

Spike in severe pediatric type 2 diabetes complication during COVID-19 pandemic — ScienceDaily


According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), children generally appear to be less severely impacted by COVID-19 than adults. But a new study from Children’s Hospital Los Angeles shows that the pandemic could be affecting children’s health in unexpected ways. The study reveals a surge of patients presenting with diabetic ketoacidosis, a […]

How your tears may soon help save your life


Here’s a good reason to start crying with happiness: your tears could soon save your life by providing an early warning of cancer, diabetes and autoimmune disease. In future, they may even predict your risk of developing Alzheimer’s. And tears are not the only bodily secretions that are being used in a new generation of […]

I had a mole removed out of vanity, only to be told I had a rare blood cancer


‘I am so grateful that I got that silly little cyst removed — it saved my life,’ says Laura, 28, a chartered legal executive from Long Eaton, Derbyshire Laura Windsor thanks her lucky stars that a moment’s vanity helped save her life. It was only after she decided to get an unsightly cyst on her […]

Having type 2 diabetes in middle age could double dementia risk, study finds


People who develop type 2 diabetes before they turn 60 could double their risk of developing dementia in old age, a study has claimed. French scientists found that dementia at age 70 was twice as likely if someone had been diagnosed with diabetes 10 years earlier. The risk was also increased for people who got […]

Researchers identify protein produced after stroke that triggers neurodegeneration — ScienceDaily


Researchers with the Peter O’Donnell Jr. Brain Institute at UT Southwestern have identified a new protein implicated in cell death that provides a potential therapeutic target that could prevent or delay the progress of neurodegenerative diseases following a stroke. Scientists from the departments of pathology, neurology, biochemistry, and pharmacology at UTSW have identified and named […]

Processed diets might promote chronic infections that can lead to disorders such as diabetes — ScienceDaily


Processed diets, which are low in fiber, may initially reduce the incidence of foodborne infectious diseases such as E. coli infections, but might also increase the incidence of diseases characterized by low-grade chronic infection and inflammation such as diabetes, according to researchers in the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University. This study used […]

Preclinical discovery triggers wound healing, skin regeneration — ScienceDaily


Difficult-to-treat, chronic wounds in preclinical models healed with normal scar-free skin after treatment with an acellular product discovered at Mayo Clinic. Derived from platelets, the purified exosomal product, known as PEP, was used to deliver healing messages into cells of preclinical animal models of ischemic wounds. The Mayo Clinic research team documented restoration of skin […]

‘Jelly’ that could renew damaged knee joints


An injection of jelly could help treat worn-out joints. Scientists hope the jab, using jelly found in donated umbilical cords, will stimulate the growth of cushioning cartilage once injected into the knees of patients with osteoarthritis. Tests on animals suggest the jelly — called Wharton’s jelly — can potentially reverse damage to joints caused by […]

Changing views on atherosclerosis — ScienceDaily


Peter Libby, MD, cardiovascular medicine specialist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and the Mallinckrodt Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School; author of a new review paper published in Nature. Atherosclerosis — hardening of the arteries — is now involved in the majority of deaths worldwide, and advances in our understanding of the biology of […]

Further studies underway to determine extent of clinical benefits — ScienceDaily


A natural compound previously demonstrated to counteract aspects of aging and improve metabolic health in mice has clinically relevant effects in people, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. A small clinical trial of postmenopausal women with prediabetes shows that the compound NMN (nicotinamide mononucleotide) improved the ability of […]

Having a sweet tooth could lead to heart disease and death in middle age, study finds


Having a sweet tooth could lead to heart disease and an early death, a study has suggested. University of Oxford scientists tracked 116,000 people’s eating habits for up to 15 years and checked whether they had been admitted to hospital or died.  They found people who regularly indulged in chocolate bars and sugary drinks were more […]

More belly weight increases danger of heart disease even if BMI does not indicate obesity — ScienceDaily


People with abdominal obesity and excess fat around the body’s mid-section and organs have an increased risk of heart disease even if their body mass index (BMI) measurement is within a healthy weight range, according to a new Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association published today in the Association’s flagship journal, Circulation. “This scientific […]

Major study details numerous long-term effects of COVID-19, pointing to massive health burden — ScienceDaily


As the COVID-19 pandemic has progressed, it has become clear that many survivors — even those who had mild cases — continue to manage a variety of health problems long after the initial infection should have resolved. In what is believed to be the largest comprehensive study of long COVID-19 to date, researchers at Washington […]

Worldwide study also found that 11 percent of babies contracted the novel coronavirus from their mothers — ScienceDaily


In a worldwide study of 2,100 pregnant women, those who contracted COVID-19 during pregnancy were 20 times more likely to die than those who did not contract the virus. UW Medicine and University of Oxford doctors led this first-of-its-kind study, published today in JAMA Pediatrics. The investigation involved more than 100 researchers and pregnant women […]

New approach to gene therapy can correct any disease-causing mutation within a gene — ScienceDaily


A new approach to gene editing using the CRISPR/Cas9 system bypasses disease-causing mutations in a gene, enabling treatment of genetic diseases linked to a single gene, such as cystic fibrosis, certain types of sickle cell anemia, and other rare diseases. The method, developed and tested in mice and human tissue cultures by researchers at Penn […]

‘Information theory’ recruited to help scientists find cancer genes — ScienceDaily


Using a widely known field of mathematics designed mainly to study how digital and other forms of information are measured, stored and shared, scientists at Johns Hopkins Medicine and Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center say they have uncovered a likely key genetic culprit in the development of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). ALL is the most […]

Designing healthy diets with computer analysis — ScienceDaily


A new mathematical model for the interaction of bacteria in the gut could help design new probiotics and specially tailored diets to prevent diseases. The research, from Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden, was recently published in the journal PNAS. “Intestinal bacteria have an important role to play in health and the development of diseases, […]

Epidural use at birth not linked to autism risk, study finds — ScienceDaily


Having an epidural during childbirth is not associated with a greater risk of autism in the child, according to a study led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and the University of Manitoba. The study, which will publish online April 19 in JAMA Pediatrics, helps resolve questions raised by an earlier, widely […]

Short bursts of activity you can easily do at home keep your fitness up — ScienceDaily


High intensity interval training has become increasingly popular as it’s a quick and effective way to improve health. This is all the more important as countries around the world emerge from lockdowns due to coronavirus and are looking for quick and easy way to exercise again. Recently, researchers have been studying whether shorter variations of […]

New safer blood test is close to 100 per cent accurate at spotting nut allergies 


A new blood test promises to diagnose food allergies more accurately and offer a safer alternative to current testing practices. A trial by doctors at Guy’s and St Thomas’ Hospital in London has found that the test — called the basophil activation test (BAT) — is close to 100 per cent accurate at spotting nut […]

DR MARTIN SCURR: Try physio to ease chronic coughing


My wife Patricia has many illnesses including asthma, bladder problems, Crohn’s disease, type 2 diabetes and bronchiectasis. The latter condition causes bouts of chesty coughing, but we have been told there is no cure. I would appreciate any advice. Brian Jones, Torquay, Devon. Bronchiectasis is a chronic, irreversible lung condition, and coping with it must […]

Metformin inhibits disease progression in non-diabetic chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD) — ScienceDaily


Researchers from Kumamoto University (Japan) have found that the anti-diabetic drug metformin significantly prolongs the survival of mice in a model that simulates the pathology of non-diabetic chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD) by ameliorating pathological conditions like reduced kidney function, glomerular damage, inflammation and fibrosis. Metformin’s mechanism is different from existing therapeutics which only treat symptoms, […]

Genetic ancestry versus race can provide specific, targeted insights to predict and treat many diseases — ScienceDaily


The complex patterns of genetic ancestry uncovered from genomic data in health care systems can provide valuable insights into both genetic and environmental factors underlying many common and rare diseases — insights that are far more targeted and specific than those derived from traditional ethnic or racial labels like Hispanic or Black, according to a […]

Once-a-week insulin treatment could be game-changing for patients with diabetes — ScienceDaily


Treating people with Type 2 diabetes with a new once-a-week injectable insulin therapy proved to be safe and as effective as daily insulin injections, according to the results of two international clinical trials published online today in Diabetes Care. The studies suggest that the once-weekly treatment could provide a convenient alternative to the burden of […]

NHS diabetes health advice campaign will target Facebook adverts at men over 40 


‘Nanny state’ NHS diabetes health advice campaign will target men over 40 with Facebook adverts Men aged 40 and over to be target of diabetes awareness campaign by the NHS Social media drive to advise on best ways to avoid developing type 2 diabetes Follows campaign last year targeting black and South Asian communities By Daily Mail […]

DR ELLIE CANNON: Why won’t anyone fix these upsetting marks on my face?


I have suffered from acne since the age of 12 – I am now 78. As I’ve got older, I’ve also developed skin tags on my eyelids, and brown marks.  My GP tried to refer me to a dermatologist, but they wouldn’t see me as my problems are cosmetic. I get really upset at the state […]

Study strengthens links between red meat and heart disease — ScienceDaily


An observational study in nearly 20,000 individuals has found that greater intake of red and processed meat is associated with worse heart function. The research is presented at ESC Preventive Cardiology 2021, an online scientific congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). “Previous studies have shown links between greater red meat consumption and increased […]

Patients who are overweight or obese at risk of more severe COVID-19, study finds — ScienceDaily


Patients who are overweight or obese have more severe COVID-19 and are highly likely to require invasive respiratory support, according to a new international study. The research, led by the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI) and The University of Queensland and published in Diabetes Care, found obese or overweight patients are at high risk for […]

New study links red meat consumption with heart disease


UK scientists have linked the consumption of any form of red meat – such as beef, lamb and pork – with a decline in heart function.  The researchers, who studied nearly 20,000 individuals, found that greater intake of red and processed meat was linked with a decline in three different measures of heart health.   Processed […]

Surpassed only by advanced age and organ transplant as a risk factor, large study shows — ScienceDaily


Physical inactivity is linked to more severe COVID-19 infection and a heightened risk of dying from the disease, finds a large US study published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. Patients with COVID-19 who were consistently inactive during the 2 years preceding the pandemic were more likely to be admitted to hospital, to […]

From Denisovans to the human immune response — ScienceDaily


Describing the genetic diversity of human populations is essential to improve our understanding of human diseases and their geographical distribution. However, the vast majority of genetic studies have been focused on populations of European ancestry, which represent only 16% of the global population. Scientists at the Institut Pasteur, Collège de France, and CNRS have looked […]

Dietary cocoa improves health of obese mice; likely has implications for humans — ScienceDaily


Supplementation of cocoa powder in the diet of high-fat-fed mice with liver disease markedly reduced the severity of their condition, according to a new study by Penn State researchers, who suggest the results have implications for people. Cocoa powder, a popular food ingredient most commonly used in the production of chocolate, is rich in fiber, […]

165 new cancer genes identified with the help of machine learning — ScienceDaily


A new algorithm can predict which genes cause cancer, even if their DNA sequence is not changed. A team of researchers in Berlin combined a wide variety of data, analyzed it with “Artificial Intelligence” and identified numerous cancer genes. This opens up new perspectives for targeted cancer therapy in personalized medicine and for the development […]

How to tackle heel pain and get back on your feet: DR MARTIN SCURR addresses your health issues 


My wife is a keen walker, but has not been able to walk for months due to heel pain. Her doctor and podiatrist both suggested plantar fasciitis, but it does not hurt in the typical area, and she has not responded to treatment. She is 67. Peter Goode, via email. Heel pain, as your wife […]

Tube that props open blood vessels could conquer impotence


A tube that props open tiny blood vessels may offer a new way to tackle impotence.  The wire tube, or stent, is implanted inside the tiny arteries measuring just 1mm wide that supply blood to the penis. The stent is designed to widen arteries that have become furred up as a result of atherosclerosis, where […]

Experts are worried that using the Body Mass Index is not a fat lot of good 


During a year of grim statistics, it was one of the grimmest. Launching its £10 million anti-obesity strategy last summer, Public Health England (PHE) warned that being severely obese could increase the chance of death in those who caught Covid-19 by up to 90 per cent. Shedding excess pounds, PHE advised, was one of most […]

Eat your way to a dreamy sleep: The secret to a good night’s rest lies in the ‘brain’ in your gut


What you eat and when you eat it has an enormous effect on your body clock, your sleep and, by extension, how many years you will live.  By ‘eat’ we mean pretty much anything you take in — food, beverages, alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, medication, herbal remedies and supplements. Each play a role in either keeping […]

Vascular smooth muscle-derived Trpv1+ progenitors have found to be a source of cold-induced — ScienceDaily


A new source of energy expending brown fat cells has been uncovered by researchers at the Joslin Diabetes Center, which they say points towards potential new therapeutic options for obesity. According to the new report, published in Nature Metabolism on 12 March 2021, the key lies in the expression of a receptor called Trpv1 (temperature-sensitive […]

Why do I cough all the time as if I have to clear my throat? DR ELLIE CANNON answers your questions 


I constantly feel as if I have phlegm stuck in my throat. I’m always coughing to try to clear it, and I also suffer terrible breath. What is wrong with me, and is there anything I can do? Feeling as though there’s phlegm always in the throat (something stuck in your throat is a different […]

How to defuse the male fertility timebomb


Could a toxic soup of chemicals in everyday life be destroying men’s ability to father children?  That is the latest claim from a U.S. expert, Dr Shanna Swan, who made headlines in 2017 with research that suggested human sperm counts are plummeting. Dr Swan, a professor of environmental medicine and public health at the Icahn […]

Gold dust in your contact lenses could help colour blindness, research shows 


Contact lenses made with millions of gold nanoparticles, no bigger than a speck of dust, could combat a common type of colour blindness. These ‘gold dust’ particles filter out certain wavelengths of light, so the brain can distinguish between different colours, particularly reds and greens, more easily. Around one in 12 men and one in […]

What can I do about my burning mouth? DR MARTIN SCURR answers your health questions


I’ve suffered from burning mouth syndrome for about 25 to 30 years. No one seems to be able to help. I am 78 years old. Can you suggest anything? Margaret Wheddon, via email. Burning mouth syndrome is a poorly understood condition and your experience with it must be debilitating.  As there are no tests for […]

The ‘healthy’ Easter egg with more fat than TWELVE Krispy Kreme doughnuts


It sounds too good to be true: an indulgent Easter egg that is also, somehow, healthy. But this year, supermarket shelves are heaving with chocolate treats that seem to make just that claim. Do their promises really stand up? We scrutinised some of this year’s bestsellers… and what we discovered might surprise you. Hotel Chocolat, 65% […]

Covid US: A THIRD of deaths occur in care homes although residents make up less than 1% population


Less than one percent of Americans live in nursing homes, but this vulnerable population has made up about one-third of coronavirus deaths. Of the 551,747 people in the U.S. who have died of COVID-19 so far, about 175,000 – 31.7 percent – were nursing home residents, according to an analysis from The COVID Tracking Project. What’s […]

DR ELLIE CANNON: Help! Sex is painful at 72 but I can’t take HRT pills to cure it


I am 72, very fit and active, and recently met someone I’d like to have a relationship with – but I’m finding sex painful. My GP says HRT is the only thing that will help, but I can’t take it as I have a family history of breast cancer. What can I do? Pain during […]

HEALTH NOTES: Gene tests identify risks associated with ‘silent’ strokes 


HEALTH NOTES: Gene tests identify risks associated with ‘silent’ strokes By Mail on Sunday Reporter Published: 17:01 EDT, 3 April 2021 | Updated: 17:19 EDT, 3 April 2021 Gene tests could one day be used to spot patients at risk of ‘silent’ strokes that cause dementia, scientists believe. Researchers studied genetic samples of thousands of people […]

Why are GPs still refusing to see patients face-to-face


Pinned to the entrance of a GP surgery on a leafy residential road in suburban Sidcup, Kent is a handwritten note, attached to the inside glass. ‘Please do not punch or kick this door.’ That a message such as this is necessary is truly shocking, but it speaks volumes about the increasingly fractured relationship between […]

Lactation and visceral, pericardial fat — ScienceDaily


As demonstrated by multiple studies over the years, women who breastfeed have a lower risk for developing cardiovascular disease and diabetes when compared to those who don’t or can’t. However, the mechanisms by which these risks are reduced for lactating women are still not fully understood. Duke Appiah, Ph.D., an assistant professor of public health […]

A clinical study finds a biomarker for the action of glucocorticoids that could be used for developing tests to help clinicians tailor treatments — ScienceDaily


Researchers have uncovered pathways involved in the body’s response to glucocorticoid treatments and identified a novel biomarker that could be used to monitor how these drugs work in patients, according to a clinical study published today in eLife. A more reliable indicator of an individual’s response to glucocorticoid drugs could be used to develop a […]

DNA markers in cells of MDD sufferers appear 2 years older than in healthy controls, researchers say — ScienceDaily


Cells from individuals with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) were found to have higher than expected rates of methylation at specific sites on their DNA, when compared to cells from healthy individuals without MDD, according to a study by a multidisciplinary team of UC San Francisco scientists, in collaboration with others. Methylation is a process by […]

Why 2020 was the year of marvellous medicine


A year ago, the world was in the grip of a deadly and, seemingly, unstoppable virus and the UK went into its first lockdown.  Since then, vaccines and life-saving drugs to counter Covid have been the focus of international attention.  But the past year has also seen major developments in treatments for cancer, diabetes, multiple […]

CDC report reveals Hawaiians survive longest at 81 years while West Virginians die earliest at 74


A new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has revealed the life expectancy for every U.S. state. The life expectancy for the entire U.S. population was 78.7 in 2018, the last year for which complete data is available.  It’s a slight increase from 2017, during which the average life expectancy was […]

Former FDA chief warns of a ‘coming tsunami of death’ from chronic diseases


A ‘tsunami of deaths’ is about to crash over the U.S. in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic and already-rising rates of chronic disease among Americans, a former Food and Drug Administration (FDA) official is warning.  Dr Robert Califf, a former FDA commissioner, predicted that the U.S. will see a surge in chronic illnesses like […]

COVID-19 causes ‘unexpected’ cellular response in the lungs, research finds — ScienceDaily


New insights into the immune response to SARS-CoV-2 infections could bring better treatments for COVID-19 cases. An international team of researchers unexpectedly found that a biochemical pathway, known as the immune complement system, is triggered in lung cells by the virus, which might explain why the disease is so difficult to treat. The research is […]

Enzyme with central role in cancer and type 2 diabetes also activates — ScienceDaily


When cells are stressed, chemical alarms go off, setting in motion a flurry of activity that protects the cell’s most important players. During the rush, a protein called Parkin hurries to protect the mitochondria, the power stations that generate energy for the cell. Now Salk researchers have discovered a direct link between a master sensor […]

Biologists create better method to culture cells for testing drug toxicity — ScienceDaily


When a new drug is being developed, the first question is, “Does it work?” The second question is, “Does it do harm?” No matter how effective a therapy is, if it harms the patient in the process, it has little value. Doctoral student Robert Skolik and Associate Professor Michael Menze, Ph.D., in the Department of […]