Prenatal exposure to famine heightens risk for later being overweight — ScienceDaily


An analysis of historical medical records found that men who were prenatally exposed during early gestation to the Dutch famine of 1944-1945 were 30 percent more likely to be overweight with a Body Mass Index of 25 or over at age 19, compared to a similar group not exposed to the famine. Professor L. H. […]

Exercise aids the cognitive development of children born preterm — ScienceDaily


A premature start in life can cause problems even into teenage years. A study by the University of Basel and the University Children’s Hospital Basel (UKBB) indicates that training motor skills in these children helps even when they are older. Children that are born before the 37th week of pregnancy remain under close medical supervision […]

Inside Moroccan maternity ward where Malian mother gave birth to record breaking NINE babies


Incredible footage from inside a Moroccan maternity unit has captured the astonishing birth of nine babies to a single mother – as the premature newborns beat the odds to survive. Doctors today revealed how they delivered the five girls and four boys on Tuesday, and have confirmed that all nine newborns and their mother Halima […]

The origin of reproductive organs — ScienceDaily


Early in human development, during the first trimester of gestation, a fetus may have XX or XY chromosomes that indicate its sex. Yet at this stage a mass of cells known as the bipotential gonad that ultimately develops into either ovaries or testes has yet to commit to its final destiny. While researchers had studied […]

Childhood psychiatric symptom risk strongly linked to adverse exposures during gestation — ScienceDaily


Harmful exposures during pregnancy, including some that occur even before pregnancy is recognized, appear to significantly increase a child’s risk for psychiatric or behavioral problems early in life, researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital report. In their study of 9,290 children from the ages of 9 to 10 living in 21 communities in the United States, […]

Preterm birth continues to pose a large burden for families, healthcare, and educational systems, say researchers — ScienceDaily


Children born preterm (before 37 weeks of pregnancy) remain at high risk of developmental difficulties that can affect their behaviour and ability to learn, finds a study published by The BMJ today. These difficulties were found not only in children born extremely preterm (22-26 weeks) but also in those born very and moderately preterm (between […]

Findings show types of fats matter when it comes to gut well-being — ScienceDaily


A team of UBC Okanagan researchers has determined that the type of fats a mother consumes while breastfeeding can have long-term implications on her infant’s gut health. Dr. Deanna Gibson, a biochemistry researcher, along with Dr. Sanjoy Ghosh, who studies the biochemical aspects of dietary fats, teamed up with chemistry and molecular biology researcher Dr. […]

How to defuse the male fertility timebomb


Could a toxic soup of chemicals in everyday life be destroying men’s ability to father children?  That is the latest claim from a U.S. expert, Dr Shanna Swan, who made headlines in 2017 with research that suggested human sperm counts are plummeting. Dr Swan, a professor of environmental medicine and public health at the Icahn […]

I got deadly skin cancer in my garden… in Surrey


The chances of taking a foreign holiday this summer still look remote for most of us. Not that this bothers mother-of-three Jackie Palmer, who has never felt the urge to go abroad The chances of taking a foreign holiday this summer still look remote for most of us.  Not that this bothers mother-of-three Jackie Palmer, […]

Mutations to Dyrk1a gene lead to brain undergrowth; an existing drug rescues the condition in newborn mice — ScienceDaily


Damage to the autism-associated gene Dyrk1a, sets off a cascade of problems in developing mouse brains, resulting in abnormal growth-factor signaling, undergrowth of neurons, smaller-than-average brain size, and, eventually, autism-like behaviors, a new study from Scripps Research, Florida, finds. The study from neuroscientist Damon Page, PhD, describes a new mechanism underlying the brain undergrowth seen […]

Drinking linked to a decline in brain health from cradle to grave


Credit: CC0 Public Domain The evidence for the harmful effects of alcohol on brain health is compelling, but now experts have pin-pointed three key time periods in life when the effects of alcohol are likely to be at their greatest. Writing in The BMJ today, researchers in Australia and the UK say evidence suggests three […]

Early birth linked to greater risk of hospital visits during childhood


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Being born early (before 37 weeks’ gestation) is associated with a higher risk of hospital admission throughout childhood than being born at full term (40 weeks’ gestation), finds a study published by The BMJ today. Although the risk declined as the children grew up, particularly after age 2, an excess risk […]

Premature Birth Tied to Increased Depression Risk


Girls born extremely prematurely may have an increased risk of depression from childhood through young adulthood. Using Finnish birth and health registries, researchers studied 37,682 people diagnosed with mild, moderate or severe depression, comparing them with 148,795 healthy controls. The children were born between 1987 and 2007, and their average age at diagnosis was 16. […]

Researchers uncover crucial gene for growth of Ewing sarcoma


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Researchers at the Institut de Recerca Sant Joan de Déu (IRSJD) in collaboration with those at Center for Genomic Regulation (CRG) have discovered that RING1B is a critical gene for the development of Ewing sarcoma, a rare type of developmental cancer that presents in bones and soft tissues. This newly uncovered […]

Could reducing painful procedures help premature infants’ brains?


Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Premature infants born earlier than 28 weeks gestation who experience fewer needle pokes while receiving life-saving care in the neonatal intensive care unit may have better growth of a part of the brain called the thalamus. The new study is published in the October 21, 2020, online issue of Neurology, the […]

Texas loses bid to reinstate law banning second-trimester abortion procedure


Issued on: 14/10/2020 – 05:09 The state of Texas on Tuesday lost its bid before a U.S. appeals court to reinstate a law that would have effectively banned the most common abortion procedure used by doctors for terminating second-trimester pregnancies. A three-judge panel of the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in New Orleans sided with abortion rights activists […]

Prenatal cannabis exposure associated with adverse outcomes during middle childhood


Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain While cannabis use during pregnancy is on the rise, researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have found evidence that the resulting children are more likely to have psychopathology in middle childhood. The team’s analysis are the first steps in studying the effects of cannabis on children as attitudes surrounding its […]