Child obesity cases treated in hospital have more than doubled in two years, figures show 


Child obesity cases treated in NHS hospitals have more than doubled in two years and tripled since 2014 Number of babies and toddlers treated in hospital for obesity more than doubled in two years Obesity contributory factor in 1,087 patients aged four and under last year The figure has more than tripled from 336 in […]

Shortage of DNA building blocks in the cell releases mitochondrial DNA — ScienceDaily


Mitochondria are the energy suppliers of our body cells. These tiny cell components have their own genetic material, which triggers an inflammatory response when released into the interior of the cell. The reasons for the release are not yet known, but some cardiac and neurodegenerative diseases as well as the ageing process are linked to […]

Avocado discovery may point to leukemia treatment — ScienceDaily


A compound in avocados may ultimately offer a route to better leukemia treatment, says a new University of Guelph study. The compound targets an enzyme that scientists have identified for the first time as being critical to cancer cell growth, said Dr. Paul Spagnuolo, Department of Food Science. Published recently in the journal Blood, the […]

Should you ignore the food traffic lights?


You see them on food packets — red, amber and green colours that are supposed to depict whether the food you are putting in your basket is healthy — or not. Introduced in 2013 by the Food Standards Agency, the traffic light colours are assigned for levels of fat, saturated fat, sugar and salt. The […]

Having type 2 diabetes in middle age could double dementia risk, study finds


People who develop type 2 diabetes before they turn 60 could double their risk of developing dementia in old age, a study has claimed. French scientists found that dementia at age 70 was twice as likely if someone had been diagnosed with diabetes 10 years earlier. The risk was also increased for people who got […]

Researchers identify protein produced after stroke that triggers neurodegeneration — ScienceDaily


Researchers with the Peter O’Donnell Jr. Brain Institute at UT Southwestern have identified a new protein implicated in cell death that provides a potential therapeutic target that could prevent or delay the progress of neurodegenerative diseases following a stroke. Scientists from the departments of pathology, neurology, biochemistry, and pharmacology at UTSW have identified and named […]

Stress slows the immune response in sick mice — ScienceDaily


The neurotransmitter noradrenaline, which plays a key role in the fight-or-flight stress response, impairs immune responses by inhibiting the movements of various white blood cells in different tissues, researchers report April 28th in the journal Immunity. The fast and transient effect occurred in mice with infections and cancer, but for now, it’s unclear whether the […]

‘Fat genes that raise the risk of having an eating disorder 


Shocking figures show more than 1.2 million people in the UK are estimated to have an eating disorder, and hospital admissions for those severely affected have risen by more than a third in recent years. Meanwhile, Britain’s leading eating disorder charity, Beat, has reported an 80 per cent surge in calls to its helpline since […]

Salad or cheeseburger? Your co-workers shape your food choices — ScienceDaily


The foods people buy at a workplace cafeteria may not always be chosen to satisfy an individual craving or taste for a particular food. When co-workers are eating together, individuals are more likely to select foods that are as healthy — or unhealthy — as the food selections on their fellow employees’ trays. “We found […]

Further studies underway to determine extent of clinical benefits — ScienceDaily


A natural compound previously demonstrated to counteract aspects of aging and improve metabolic health in mice has clinically relevant effects in people, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. A small clinical trial of postmenopausal women with prediabetes shows that the compound NMN (nicotinamide mononucleotide) improved the ability of […]

Having a sweet tooth could lead to heart disease and death in middle age, study finds


Having a sweet tooth could lead to heart disease and an early death, a study has suggested. University of Oxford scientists tracked 116,000 people’s eating habits for up to 15 years and checked whether they had been admitted to hospital or died.  They found people who regularly indulged in chocolate bars and sugary drinks were more […]

More belly weight increases danger of heart disease even if BMI does not indicate obesity — ScienceDaily


People with abdominal obesity and excess fat around the body’s mid-section and organs have an increased risk of heart disease even if their body mass index (BMI) measurement is within a healthy weight range, according to a new Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association published today in the Association’s flagship journal, Circulation. “This scientific […]

Major study details numerous long-term effects of COVID-19, pointing to massive health burden — ScienceDaily


As the COVID-19 pandemic has progressed, it has become clear that many survivors — even those who had mild cases — continue to manage a variety of health problems long after the initial infection should have resolved. In what is believed to be the largest comprehensive study of long COVID-19 to date, researchers at Washington […]

Learning and memory problems were linked to defective cilia — ScienceDaily


Mice with symptoms that mimic Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS) have difficulty with learning and generating new neurons in the hippocampus. However, according to a new study by Thomas Pak, Calvin Carter, and Val Sheffield of the University of Iowa, published April 22nd in the journal PLOS Genetics, these mental defects can be successfully treated with lithium. […]

Designing healthy diets with computer analysis — ScienceDaily


A new mathematical model for the interaction of bacteria in the gut could help design new probiotics and specially tailored diets to prevent diseases. The research, from Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden, was recently published in the journal PNAS. “Intestinal bacteria have an important role to play in health and the development of diseases, […]

A 3D structure reveals how a unique molecular switch in our brain causes us to feel full — and may help develop improved anti-obesity drugs — ScienceDaily


Being constantly hungry, no matter how much you eat — that’s the daily struggle of people with genetic defects in the brain’s appetite controls, and it often ends in severe obesity. In a study published in Science on April 15, researchers at the Weizmann Institute of Science, together with colleagues from the Queen Mary University […]

Dr MAI THI NGUYEN-KIM on the hidden chemistry that rules our lives and loves


As a chemist, sometimes I feel like the mother of an ugly child whose beauty only I can see ‘Chemistry’ is more than just a throwaway word when discussing relationships. In fact, it is key not only to what’s going on around us but also inside our bodies, as a compelling new book explains.  Written […]

Gene drug could help erection nerves regrow after prostate cancer surgery, rat study finds


An experimental nerve-growing drug could revolutionise the sex lives of prostate cancer sufferers, scientists say. Thousands of men diagnosed with the disease require drastic treatment to remove the organ, which sits in the pelvis and is about the size of a ping pong ball. But it can damage nerves that control blood supply to the […]

‘Nannying’ scientists call for alcohol to be BANNED from supermarkets


Stripping alcohol from supermarket shelves could help to curb Britain’s drinking problem, according to ‘nannying’ scientists.  Researchers say policies to clamp down on problem drinking would work better if the UK moved to a radical Scandinavian-style system where booze is sold exclusively in off-licences. Cardiff University experts made the case after their study found hiking […]

NHS diabetes health advice campaign will target Facebook adverts at men over 40 


‘Nanny state’ NHS diabetes health advice campaign will target men over 40 with Facebook adverts Men aged 40 and over to be target of diabetes awareness campaign by the NHS Social media drive to advise on best ways to avoid developing type 2 diabetes Follows campaign last year targeting black and South Asian communities By Daily Mail […]

Long-term weight retention and associated health risks identified in obese adults — ScienceDaily


UK adults who are overweight or obese retain their weight over time, which is associated with an increased risk of health complications and death, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Public Health. Dr Barbara Iyen, the lead author said: “We have found that despite widespread efforts to prevent and manage […]

Study strengthens links between red meat and heart disease — ScienceDaily


An observational study in nearly 20,000 individuals has found that greater intake of red and processed meat is associated with worse heart function. The research is presented at ESC Preventive Cardiology 2021, an online scientific congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). “Previous studies have shown links between greater red meat consumption and increased […]

Patients who are overweight or obese at risk of more severe COVID-19, study finds — ScienceDaily


Patients who are overweight or obese have more severe COVID-19 and are highly likely to require invasive respiratory support, according to a new international study. The research, led by the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI) and The University of Queensland and published in Diabetes Care, found obese or overweight patients are at high risk for […]

How we can reduce food waste and promote healthy eating — ScienceDaily


Food waste and obesity are major problems in developed countries. They are both caused by an overabundance of food, but strategies to reduce one can inadvertently increase the other. A broader perspective can help identify ways to limit food waste while also promoting healthy nutrition, two University of Illinois researchers suggest. “You can reduce food […]

Fury over No10’s ‘un-British’ plan to slap calorie counts on beer, wine and spirits


Matt Hancock’s plan to slap calorie counts on all alcohol served in pubs was today branded ‘un-British’ and ‘an attempt to nanny the country’. Documents leaked last night revealed health chiefs want to force larger chains to disclose the amount of calories for every beer, wine and spirit ordered in their bars.   The scheme, reportedly […]

New study links red meat consumption with heart disease


UK scientists have linked the consumption of any form of red meat – such as beef, lamb and pork – with a decline in heart function.  The researchers, who studied nearly 20,000 individuals, found that greater intake of red and processed meat was linked with a decline in three different measures of heart health.   Processed […]

Surpassed only by advanced age and organ transplant as a risk factor, large study shows — ScienceDaily


Physical inactivity is linked to more severe COVID-19 infection and a heightened risk of dying from the disease, finds a large US study published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. Patients with COVID-19 who were consistently inactive during the 2 years preceding the pandemic were more likely to be admitted to hospital, to […]

From Denisovans to the human immune response — ScienceDaily


Describing the genetic diversity of human populations is essential to improve our understanding of human diseases and their geographical distribution. However, the vast majority of genetic studies have been focused on populations of European ancestry, which represent only 16% of the global population. Scientists at the Institut Pasteur, Collège de France, and CNRS have looked […]

Dietary cocoa improves health of obese mice; likely has implications for humans — ScienceDaily


Supplementation of cocoa powder in the diet of high-fat-fed mice with liver disease markedly reduced the severity of their condition, according to a new study by Penn State researchers, who suggest the results have implications for people. Cocoa powder, a popular food ingredient most commonly used in the production of chocolate, is rich in fiber, […]

Study links structural brain changes to behavioral problems in children who snore — ScienceDaily


A large study of children has uncovered evidence that behavioral problems in children who snore may be associated with changes in the structure of their brain’s frontal lobe. The findings support early evaluation of children with habitual snoring (snoring three or more nights a week). The research, published in Nature Communications, was supported by the […]

How to tackle heel pain and get back on your feet: DR MARTIN SCURR addresses your health issues 


My wife is a keen walker, but has not been able to walk for months due to heel pain. Her doctor and podiatrist both suggested plantar fasciitis, but it does not hurt in the typical area, and she has not responded to treatment. She is 67. Peter Goode, via email. Heel pain, as your wife […]

Experts are worried that using the Body Mass Index is not a fat lot of good 


During a year of grim statistics, it was one of the grimmest. Launching its £10 million anti-obesity strategy last summer, Public Health England (PHE) warned that being severely obese could increase the chance of death in those who caught Covid-19 by up to 90 per cent. Shedding excess pounds, PHE advised, was one of most […]

Vascular smooth muscle-derived Trpv1+ progenitors have found to be a source of cold-induced — ScienceDaily


A new source of energy expending brown fat cells has been uncovered by researchers at the Joslin Diabetes Center, which they say points towards potential new therapeutic options for obesity. According to the new report, published in Nature Metabolism on 12 March 2021, the key lies in the expression of a receptor called Trpv1 (temperature-sensitive […]

Study shows a slight increase in eating disorders, one of the deadliest psychiatric health concerns — ScienceDaily


A new probe into the lingering impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic revealed correlations to six unhealthy eating behaviors, according to a study by the University of Minnesota Medical School and School of Public Health. Researchers say the most concerning finding indicates a slight increase or the re-emergence of eating disorders, which kill roughly 10,200 people […]

Why CAN Wales ease lockdown quicker if England can’t?


Pressure is building on No10 to accelerate its roadmap out of lockdown in England after Wales announced Covid restrictions would be lifted ahead of schedule.  Two households will be able to meet indoors on May 3 rather than May 10 because of ‘improvements’ in the public health situation and the vaccination roll-out, Welsh First Minister […]

How to defuse the male fertility timebomb


Could a toxic soup of chemicals in everyday life be destroying men’s ability to father children?  That is the latest claim from a U.S. expert, Dr Shanna Swan, who made headlines in 2017 with research that suggested human sperm counts are plummeting. Dr Swan, a professor of environmental medicine and public health at the Icahn […]

Boss of No10’s new pandemic-fighting agency admits UK has ‘an awful lot to learn’ from Covid


Britain was too slow to ramp up its Covid testing capacity and introduce masks, the boss of No10’s new pandemic-fighting body has admitted. Dr Jenny Harries, chief executive of the UK Health Security Agency — which begins work today, conceded that officials have ‘an awful lot to learn’ after a catalogue of failures early on […]

Metabolic changes in fat tissue in obesity associated with adverse health effects — ScienceDaily


Researchers at the Obesity Research Unit of the University of Helsinki have found that obesity clearly reduces mitochondrial gene expression in fat tissue, or adipose tissue. Mitochondria are important cellular powerplants which process all of our energy intake. If the pathways associated with breaking down nutrients are lazy, the changes can often have health-related consequences. […]

Study in mice shows lasting effects of early-life habits — ScienceDaily


Exercise and a healthy diet in childhood leads to adults with bigger brains and lower levels of anxiety, according to new UC Riverside research in mice. Though diet and exercise are consistently recommended as ways to promote health, this study is the first to examine the long-lasting, combined effects of both factors when they are […]

A clinical study finds a biomarker for the action of glucocorticoids that could be used for developing tests to help clinicians tailor treatments — ScienceDaily


Researchers have uncovered pathways involved in the body’s response to glucocorticoid treatments and identified a novel biomarker that could be used to monitor how these drugs work in patients, according to a clinical study published today in eLife. A more reliable indicator of an individual’s response to glucocorticoid drugs could be used to develop a […]

Energy balance includes modulation of dopamine reward signaling — ScienceDaily


Since the discovery of leptin in the 1990s, researchers have wondered, how does leptin, a hormone made by body fat, suppress appetite? Despite tremendous gains in the intervening three decades, many questions still remain. Now, a new study in mice describes novel neurocircuitry between midbrain structures that control feeding behaviors that are under modulatory control […]

Why 2020 was the year of marvellous medicine


A year ago, the world was in the grip of a deadly and, seemingly, unstoppable virus and the UK went into its first lockdown.  Since then, vaccines and life-saving drugs to counter Covid have been the focus of international attention.  But the past year has also seen major developments in treatments for cancer, diabetes, multiple […]

Losing weight through exercise: Why physical activity entices you to eat more – and how to fight it –


Worldwide 39 percent of the adults were overweight in 2016, according to statistics of the World Health Organization. In the US the prevalence of obesity was 42.4 percent in 2017/2018, according to a survey of the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Concurrently millions of people want to lose weight. Physical exercise is an important […]

CDC report reveals Hawaiians survive longest at 81 years while West Virginians die earliest at 74


A new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has revealed the life expectancy for every U.S. state. The life expectancy for the entire U.S. population was 78.7 in 2018, the last year for which complete data is available.  It’s a slight increase from 2017, during which the average life expectancy was […]

Your top questions about Covid-19 and vaccines


How long will immunity last after getting a Covid-19 vaccine? Vaccine transmission treatment & prevention work/life family What are the side effects of the vaccines? Some vaccine trial volunteers have reported feeling flu-like effects after getting the shots. Don’t freak out if this happens to you, health experts say. “These are immune responses, so if […]

Lack of equity within priority groups leaves Covid-19’s most vulnerable without vaccine, analysis suggests


Around the United States, there are various plans in place to prioritize distribution of the limited supply of vaccines — in December, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices issued federal guidance about who should be first in line to receive the shots, starting with frontline health care workers and […]

Bie teoria se 10 mijë hapa në ditë ju çon në humbje peshe


Gjatë gjithë këtyre viteve, teoria sipas së cilës 10 mijë hapa në ditë ju çon në humbje peshe, fitoi shumë popullaritet, por sipas studimeve të fundit këto mijëra hapa s’ mund ta parandalojnë shtimin në peshë apo humbjen e saj, shkruan Chelsea Ritschel për ”The Independent”. Për të zbuluar Po qe se mijëra hapa në […]

Many of us are stress eating because of the pandemic.


The coronavirus pandemic has disrupted everyday life, isolated people from friends and family, and spawned an economic crisis. On top of all that, it has also affected people’s mental and physical health. A global survey conducted earlier this year confirms what many have already experienced firsthand: The virus and resulting lockdowns led to dramatic changes […]

Gen Z teens dieting and worrying about weight more than previous generations


Teenagers who dieted and thought they were overweight had greater symptoms of depression than those in previous generations. Credit: dotshock/ Shutterstock The proportion of teenagers who are overweight or obese has risen over the past 30 years. In parallel, there has been an increase in societal focus on weight loss and dieting—namely in the form […]

CVS to Give Out Covid-19 Treatment in Nursing Homes


The major pharmacy chain CVS has reached a deal with the federal government to give out a Covid-19 antibody treatment in patients’ homes and long-term care facilities, the company announced on Wednesday, providing a new way for certain high-risk patients to get a drug aimed at keeping them out of the hospital. The treatment, called […]

Plant-based diet ramps up metabolism, according to new study


Credit: CC0 Public Domain A plant-based diet boosts after-meal burn, leads to weight loss, and improves cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight individuals, according to a new randomized control trial published in JAMA Network Open by researchers with the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine. The study randomly assigned participants—who were overweight and had no history of […]

UK’s aim to half maternal mortality by 2030 is challenged by social inequalities, increasing maternal age, obesity


The UK has is facing an uphill battle if it is to meet its ambitious target of halving maternal mortality by 2030 against a backdrop of increased social inequalities, increasing maternal age and obesity together with a rising number of caesarean sections, all contributory risk factors for maternal morbidity and mortality. The complex issues around […]

Protein regulating inflammation in atherosclerosis identified


Atherosclerosis is a condition affecting the cardiovascular system. If atherosclerosis occurs in the coronary arteries (which supply the heart) the result may be angina pectoris, or in worse cases a heart attack. Credit: Wikipedia/CC BY 3.0 The protein CARD8 regulates several inflammatory proteins in people with atherosclerosis. This is shown in a new study by […]

Protein commonly screened for in pregnancy is linked to gestational diabetes


Stained tissue showing changes in blood vessels in fat tissue between nonpregnant and pregnant women. Credit: R. Rojas-Rodriguez et al., Science Translational Medicine (2020) Laboratory research and analysis of epidemiological data by Silvia Corvera, MD, and Tiffany Moore Simas, MD, MPH, MEd, and colleagues show that low levels of a protein commonly seen in screening […]

Obesity is not only the individual’s responsibility


Statistical differences were found in all of the categories on the graph. Credit: Adapted from Table 3 in Asahara et al. PLOS ONE, 2020. Research based on 5425 citizens’ responses to a questionnaire survey has illuminated that obesity causes are linked to various factors in addition to the individual’s current socioeconomic circumstances, including childhood experiences, […]

Study examines remission of obesity-related complications in teens after bariatric surgery


Eighty to 90% of adolescents benefit from lasting weight loss following bariatric surgery, and most experience the remission of obesity-related complications such as elevated blood pressure, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes and musculoskeletal pain, among others. In a new study published in Obesity, researchers at Children’s Hospital Colorado (Children’s Colorado) have shown that, with the […]

Antimicrobial soap additive worsens fatty liver disease in mice


Credit: CC0 Public Domain University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers found evidence that triclosan—an antimicrobial found in many soaps and other household items—worsens fatty liver disease in mice fed a high-fat diet. The study, published November 23, 2020 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, also details the molecular mechanisms by […]

Green Mediterranean (‘green Med’) diet may be even better for health


Credit: CC0 Public Domain A green Mediterranean (‘green Med’) diet, containing even more plant matter and very little red meat or poultry, may be even better for cardiovascular and metabolic health than the traditional version—at least in men—suggests research published online in the journal Heart. The Mediterranean diet, rich in plant-based foods, is linked to […]

Diabetes set to devastate India’s metropolitan cities, with more than half of


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Disturbing new research published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) shows that more than half of men (55%) and some two thirds (65%) of women currently aged 20 years in India will likely develop diabetes in their life time, with most of those cases […]

US approves Regeneron antibody treatment given to Trump


This transmission electron microscope image shows SARS-CoV-2 — also known as 2019-nCoV, the virus that causes COVID-19 — isolated from a patient in the US. Virus particles are shown emerging from the surface of cells cultured in the lab. The spikes on the outer edge of the virus particles give coronaviruses their name, crown-like. Credit: […]

US approves Regeneron Covid-19 antibody treatment given to Trump


Issued on: 22/11/2020 – 10:19 A Covid-19 antibody therapy used to treat President Donald Trump was approved by the US drug regulator on Saturday for people who aren’t yet hospitalized by the disease but are at high risk. The green light for drugmaker Regeneron came after REGEN-COV2, a combination of two lab-made antibodies, was shown […]

F.D.A. Grants Emergency Authorization of Antibody Treatment Given to Trump


The Food and Drug Administration has granted emergency authorization for the experimental antibody treatment given to President Trump shortly after he was diagnosed with Covid-19, giving doctors another option to treat Covid-19 patients as cases across the country continue to rise. The treatment, made by the biotech company Regeneron, is a cocktail of two powerful […]

Predictors of severe disease ID’d in children with SARS-CoV-2


(HealthDay)—Predictors of severe disease have been identified for children with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), according to a study published online Nov. 13 in The Journal of Pediatrics. Danielle M. Fernandes, M.D., from the Children’s Hospital at Montefiore in Bronx, New York, and colleagues characterized demographic and clinical features of pediatric SARS-CoV-2 syndromes […]

Mexico Covid-19 deaths exceed 100,000, making it fourth country to pass grim milestone


Issued on: 20/11/2020 – 03:53 Mexico said Thursday its coronavirus death toll had risen above 100,000, becoming the world’s fourth country to pass the grim milestone. “Today in Mexico we have 100,000 people who have lost their lives due to Covid-19,” deputy health minister Hugo Lopez-Gatell told a news conference. The health ministry announced 576 […]

Want to understand health disparities? Get your antiracist goggles on


African American mom and daughter take a trip to the doctor’s office for an appointment. Credit: Dell Medical School When it comes to understanding why children from non-white race groups have such poor health outcomes compared with their white counterparts, it’s time for researchers to look beyond their genes and delve deeper into social factors, […]

Does an Autoimmune Disorder Affect My Covid-19 Risks?


Q. I have an autoimmune condition, a variant of rheumatoid arthritis, and recently started medications to suppress my immune response. Am I at increased risk of getting sick and dying from Covid-19? A. Autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus occur when the immune system mistakenly attacks normal body tissues. Treatments that suppress the […]

Researchers examine COVID-19-associated kidney injury in US veterans


Credit: CC0 Public Domain An analysis of data from across the U.S. indicates that acute kidney injury (AKI) is common among hospitalized veterans with COVID-19, and it’s associated with a higher risk of death. The analysis, which appears in an upcoming issue of CJASN, also found that the burden of death in people with AKI […]

Healthy sleep habits help lower risk of heart failure


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Adults with the healthiest sleep patterns had a 42% lower risk of heart failure regardless of other risk factors compared to adults with unhealthy sleep patterns, according to new research published today in the American Heart Association’s flagship journal Circulation. Healthy sleep patterns are rising in the morning, sleeping 7-8 hours […]

Mexico reaches 1 million virus cases, nears 100,000 deaths


A healthcare worker collects a sample to test for the new coronavirus inside a mobile diagnostic tent, in the Coyoacan district of Mexico City, Friday, Nov. 13, 2020. Mexico City announced Friday it will order bars closed for two weeks after the number of people hospitalized for COVID-19 rose to levels not seen since August. […]

Most type 2 diabetes patients are at high risk of a fatal heart attack or stroke


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Preventing heart attacks and strokes in type 2 diabetes patients managed in primary care should be an urgent priority. That’s the conclusion of a study published on World Diabetes Day in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). “The most striking result of […]

Parasitic worms offer ‘the missing link’ on the dual nature of a key immune regulator


Samples of nasal polyps removed from patients with chronic rhinosinusitis revealed the perforin-2 protein (labeled in green) in the cellular plasma membrane. A pore protein, perforin-2 may be how IL-33, a key immune signaling molecule, is able to exit these cells to trigger an immune response, according to new work led by a Penn Vet-led […]

Cardiac arrest deaths are rising – especially among younger black adults


After declining steadily for more than a decade, new research shows the number of people dying from cardiac arrests is climbing. And the greatest increase is among young Black adults. The study, which is being presented Friday at the American Heart Association’s virtual Scientific Sessions, pulled data from 311,065 death certificates for Black and white […]

Vaccine innovation sparks hope, questions


American pharmaceutical giant Pfizer and its German partner BioNTech said on Monday that their vaccine candidate has been 90 percent effective Reports that one of the vaccines for COVID-19 has shown highly promising results are a ray of hope for a world in the shadow of surging virus cases. But does it mean the pandemic […]

Seaweed extract found to have promising effects in brain cancer treatment


Sugar kelp (Saccharina latissimia) cultivated by GENIALG partner, Seaweed Energy Solutions (SES). Credit: SES A compound found in brown seaweeds could help to treat one of the most common and aggressive forms of malignant brain tumor. The compound’s promising effects were discovered by researchers in the EU-funded project GENIALG (GENetic diversity exploitation for Innovative macro-ALGal […]

Pfizer’s Covid Vaccine: 11 Things You Need to Know


In July, Pfizer and BioNTech initiated a late-stage clinical trial on a coronavirus vaccine. Half of the people got the vaccine, while the other half got a placebo of salt water. The companies then waited for people to get sick to determine if the vaccine offered any protection. So far, 94 participants out of nearly […]

Chemicals in your living room cause diabetes


Credit: CC0 Public Domain A new UC Riverside study shows flame retardants found in nearly every American home cause mice to give birth to offspring that become diabetic. These flame retardants, called PBDEs, have been associated with diabetes in adult humans. This study demonstrates that PBDEs cause diabetes in mice only exposed to the chemical […]

The Pfizer Covid-19 Vaccine, Explained


As coronavirus cases surge in the United States and elsewhere, with little relief in sight, the world got good news on Monday. Pfizer and its partner, the German company, BioNTech, announced preliminary results that suggested their vaccine was more than 90 percent effective. The news — the first results from any late-stage vaccine trial — […]

Old Dogs, New Research and the Secrets of Aging


Dogs go through stages in their life, just as people do, as is obvious to anyone who has watched their stiff-legged, white-muzzled companion rouse themselves to go for one more walk. Poets from Homer to Pablo Neruda have taken notice. As have folk singers and story tellers. Now science is taking a turn, in the […]

Reduction of environmental pollutants for prevention of cardiovascular disease


Credit: CC0 Public Domain In a current opinion article “Reduction of environmental pollutants for prevention of cardiovascular disease: it’s time to act,” published in the European Heart Journal this week, a group of international environmental researchers summarized the epidemiologic and mechanistic evidence in support of an association between noise and air pollution with cardiovascular and […]

Here’s how to improve packaged foods nutrition


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Researchers from Illinois State University, North Carolina State University, University of South Carolina, and University of Maryland published a new paper in the Journal of Marketing that examines the impact of moving nutrition labels, typically placed on the back of product packages, to the front. The study, forthcoming in the Journal […]

Poor nutrition in school years may have created 20 cm height gap across nations


Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain A new global analysis led by Imperial College London, and published in journal The Lancet, has assessed the height and weight of school-aged children and adolescents across the world. The study, which used data from 65 million children aged five to 19 years old in 193 countries, revealed that school-aged children‘s’ […]

Lockdowns made taming obesity even tougher, study shows


watching television (HealthDay)—People struggling with obesity fared poorly during the COVID-19 lockdowns earlier this year, with their weight-control plans flying off the rails as they coped with the stress of the global pandemic, two new studies report. Seven out of 10 people with obesity reported that their weight-loss goals became harder to achieve during the […]

Influenza vaccination may have protective effect on COVID-19


a woman getting vaccine shot (HealthDay)—Influenza vaccination may have a protective effect for COVID-19-positive patients, according to a brief report recently published in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. Ming-Jim Yang, M.D., from the University of Florida in Gainesville, and colleagues conducted a retrospective review involving 2,005 patients older than 18 years […]

Could an antibody drug help you shed pounds?


Credit: CC0 Public Domain An experimental antibody drug that targets one of the body’s key metabolism regulators may help obese people lose weight—at least briefly. That’s one finding from an early study that tested the injection drug, which mimics the effects of a natural hormone called fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21). In the body, FGF21 […]

High-sugar diet can damage the gut, intensifying risk for colitis


Magnified photos show colon sections from control mice (left) and mice fed a high glucose diet for seven days (right). The protective mucus which separates the colon’s epithelial lining (at bottom) from fecal content (above) was thinner in mice given glucose. Credit: UT Southwestern Medical Center Mice fed diets high in sugar developed worse colitis, […]

Adults with endocrine disorders have an increased risk of heart disease


Credit: CC0 Public Domain All adults with endocrine disorders should be tested for high cholesterol and triglycerides to evaluate their risk of heart attack or stroke, according to a Clinical Practice Guideline issued today by the Endocrine Society. The guideline, titled “Lipid Management in Patients with Endocrine Disorders: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline,” was […]

Are ‘Kidfluencers’ Making Our Kids Fat?


“It looks like a normal child playing with their normal games, but as a researcher who studies childhood obesity, the branded products really stood out to me,” Dr. Bragg said. “When you watch these videos and the kids are pretending to bake things in the kitchen or unwrapping presents, it looks relatable. But really it’s […]

For pregnant women with heart disease, multidisciplinary care may be essential


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Cardiovascular disease is now the number one cause of maternal mortality in the United States, but a new study suggests that care from a multidisciplinary cardio-obstetrics team may improve pregnancy outcomes and reduce hospital readmission rates. The study was conducted by researchers from Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons […]

Mold and damp health costs are about 3 times those of sugary drinks. We need a healthy housing agenda


Credit: Burdun Iliya/Shutterstock The World Health Organization has always been interested in housing as one of the big “causes of the causes,” of the social determinants, of health. The WHO launched evidence-based guidelines for healthy housing policies in 2019. Australia is behind the eight ball on healthy housing. Other governments, including in the United States, […]

Weight-reduction surgery for severely obese adults may prevent second heart attack, death


Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain People with severe obesity (BMI >35) and a prior heart attack who undergo weight-reduction surgery may lower their risk of a second heart attack, major cardiovascular event, heart failure and death compared to people with similar medical histories who did not have weight-reduction surgery, according to new research published today in […]

COVID-19 lockdown reduced mental health, sleep, exercise


Credit: Pennington Biomedical Research Center A first-of-its-kind global survey shows the initial phase of the COVID-19 lockdown dramatically altered our personal habits, largely for the worse. “The stay-at-home orders did result in one major health positive. Overall, healthy eating increased because we ate out less frequently. However, we snacked more. We got less exercise. We […]

Moderna hails diversity of COVID trial participants


Biotech firm Moderna said Thursday that it had successfully recruited ethnic minorities, older people and those with underlying health issues for its COVID-19 vaccines trial, after it pushed to enrol groups most vulnerable to the virus. Moderna said it had now signed up all 30,000 participants for the phase-3 trial, and more than 25,000 of […]

Inadequate COVID-19 response likely resulted in 130,000


Between 130,000 and 210,000 COVID-19 deaths in the United States could have been avoided if the Trump administration had quickly and effectively implemented a cohesive public health response to the novel coronavirus, according to a new report. The report by Columbia University Earth Institute’s National Center for Disaster Preparedness, titled “130,000—210,000 Avoidable COVID-19 Deaths—and Counting—in […]

This viral ‘public service announcement’ did not predict Covid-19 pandemic


The devastation caused by the Covid-19 pandemic this year has been exacerbated by the onslaught of fake news and conspiracy theories surrounding the virus. Case in point: a two-minute black-and-white video that supposedly predicted the pandemic in 1956 has been shared repeatedly on social media since August. However, this viral video was not created in […]

Gut bacteria linked to weight gain following chemotherapy treatment for breast cancer


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Approximately 30% of breast cancer patients who receive chemotherapy treatment gain weight, though it is unclear why this phenomenon occurs in some women but not in others. Beyond weight gain, chemotherapy is also known to increase the risk of high blood pressure and glucose intolerance, a prediabetes condition. Although this is […]

The Coronavirus Has Claimed 2.5 Million Years of Potential Life in the U.S., Study Finds


Still, life-years is only one metric by which to measure loss, said Ayesha Mahmud, a health demographer and epidemiologist at the University of California, Berkeley, who was not involved in the analysis. Dr. Mahmud stressed the importance of not undervaluing the lives of older people simply because they might have fewer potential years left — […]

Schwerer COVID-19-Verlauf: Unabhängiger Faktor Adipositas


Laut einer Studie brasilianischer Forscher ist die Wahrscheinlichkeit, dass eine adipöse Person eine schwere COVID-19-Erkrankung entwickelt, unabhängig von Alter, Geschlecht, ethnischer Zugehörigkeit sowie Komorbiditäten wie Diabetes, Bluthochdruck und Herz- oder Lungenerkrankungen hoch. Für die systematische Überprüfung hatten die Autoren zunächst die Literaturdatenbanken Medline, Embase, Web of Science, BVS/Lilacs, SciELO, Scopus und Google Scholar nach Studien […]

Reduced hormone supply in pregnant mothers linked to ADHD in their children


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Low levels of key, body-regulating chemicals in mothers during the first three months of pregnancy may interfere with the baby’s brain development, a large American study shows. These chemicals, or hormones, are produced in the thyroid gland in the neck and are known to influence fetal growth. Investigators have suspected that […]

UK researchers aim to infect volunteers to study COVID exposure


Colorized scanning electron micrograph of a dying cell (blue) heavily infected with SARS-CoV-2 (yellow), the virus that causes COVID-19. Credit: NIAID Integrated Research Facility, Fort Detrick, Maryland. British researchers on Tuesday said they hope to expose healthy volunteers to the virus that causes COVID-19 in a groundbreaking study to discover the amount needed for people […]

A Viral Theory Cited by Health Officials Draws Fire From Scientists


As the coronavirus pandemic erupted this spring, two Stanford University professors — Dr. Jay Bhattacharya and Dr. Scott W. Altas — bonded over a shared concern that lockdowns were creating economic and societal devastation. Now Dr. Atlas is President Trump’s science adviser, a powerful force inside the White House. And Dr. Bhattacharya is one of […]