Psychological distress found to double the risk of subsequent cardiac events in younger adults — ScienceDaily


Young and middle-aged adults who reported severe psychological distress — such as depression or anxiety — after suffering a heart attack were more than twice as likely to suffer a second cardiac event within five years compared with those experiencing only mild distress, according to a study presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 70th […]

Coronavirus: Student areas make up majority of worst-hit places in England’s second wave


Student areas in Nottingham, Manchester and Durham were the worst-hit places in England in the second wave of Covid with up to one in five people getting sick, MailOnline can reveal. Figures showing the areas hardest hit by coronavirus between September and April reveal that a staggering 18 per cent of the population was infected […]

Childhood psychiatric symptom risk strongly linked to adverse exposures during gestation — ScienceDaily


Harmful exposures during pregnancy, including some that occur even before pregnancy is recognized, appear to significantly increase a child’s risk for psychiatric or behavioral problems early in life, researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital report. In their study of 9,290 children from the ages of 9 to 10 living in 21 communities in the United States, […]

Preterm birth continues to pose a large burden for families, healthcare, and educational systems, say researchers — ScienceDaily


Children born preterm (before 37 weeks of pregnancy) remain at high risk of developmental difficulties that can affect their behaviour and ability to learn, finds a study published by The BMJ today. These difficulties were found not only in children born extremely preterm (22-26 weeks) but also in those born very and moderately preterm (between […]

Risk factor is equivalent to lead exposure, study finds — ScienceDaily


A multidecade study of young adults living in the United Kingdom has found higher rates of mental illness symptoms among those exposed to higher levels of traffic-related air pollutants, particularly nitrogen oxides, during childhood and adolescence. Previous studies have identified a link between air pollution and the risk of specific mental disorders, including depression and […]

Salad or cheeseburger? Your co-workers shape your food choices — ScienceDaily


The foods people buy at a workplace cafeteria may not always be chosen to satisfy an individual craving or taste for a particular food. When co-workers are eating together, individuals are more likely to select foods that are as healthy — or unhealthy — as the food selections on their fellow employees’ trays. “We found […]

Pandemic eviction bans found to protect entire communities from COVID-19 spread — ScienceDaily


A new study led by researchers at Johns Hopkins and the University of Pennsylvania uses computer modeling to suggest that eviction bans authorized during the COVID-19 pandemic reduced the infection rate and not only protected those who would have lost their housing but also entire communities from the spread of infections. With widespread job loss […]

Sunlight linked with lower COVID-19 deaths, study shows — ScienceDaily


Sunnier areas are associated with fewer deaths from Covid-19, an observational study suggests. Increased exposure to the sun’s rays — specifically UVA — could act as a simple public health intervention if further research establishes it causes a reduction in mortality rates, experts say. Researchers from the University of Edinburgh compared all recorded deaths from […]

Leisure physical activity is linked with health benefits but work activity is not — ScienceDaily


The first large study showing that leisure time physical activity and occupational physical activity have opposite, and independent, associations with cardiovascular disease risk and longevity is published today in European Heart Journal, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). “We adjusted for multiple factors in our analysis, indicating that the relationships were not […]

Lack of equity within priority groups leaves Covid-19’s most vulnerable without vaccine, analysis suggests


Around the United States, there are various plans in place to prioritize distribution of the limited supply of vaccines — in December, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices issued federal guidance about who should be first in line to receive the shots, starting with frontline health care workers and […]

Telemedicine use disparity during COVID-19 among head and neck cancer patients


Credit: CC0 Public Domain The use of telemedicine services has shown to be exceptionally effective in meeting the health care needs of patients throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. But an analysis by Henry Ford Health System found that socioeconomic factors may affect certain patient populations on how they use the technology for accessing care. In a […]

Study finds some primary school-aged children self-harm, as experts call for earlier intervention


Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain New research reveals that some primary school-aged children have self-harmed, prompting calls for intervention efforts to start earlier. Led by researchers at the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI) and the University of Melbourne, the study assessed more than 1200 children living in Melbourne, Australia, each year from age 8-9 years (wave […]

More education may not protect against dementia


Credit: CC0 Public Domain The state of knowledge seemed clear: school education protects against dementia. Every school year is supposed to reduce the risk of developing dementia in later life by up to seven percent. Researchers at the University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE) have shown quite some perseverance and have now refuted this causal connection. Their […]

Premature Birth Tied to Increased Depression Risk


Girls born extremely prematurely may have an increased risk of depression from childhood through young adulthood. Using Finnish birth and health registries, researchers studied 37,682 people diagnosed with mild, moderate or severe depression, comparing them with 148,795 healthy controls. The children were born between 1987 and 2007, and their average age at diagnosis was 16. […]

Predictors of severe disease ID’d in children with SARS-CoV-2


(HealthDay)—Predictors of severe disease have been identified for children with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), according to a study published online Nov. 13 in The Journal of Pediatrics. Danielle M. Fernandes, M.D., from the Children’s Hospital at Montefiore in Bronx, New York, and colleagues characterized demographic and clinical features of pediatric SARS-CoV-2 syndromes […]

People of Black and Asian ethnicity up to twice as likely to be infected with COVID-19 as those of White ethnicity


Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain People of Black ethnicity are twice as likely to be infected with COVID-19 compared to those of White ethnicity, according to researchers at the Universities of Leicester and Nottingham, supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Leicester Biomedical Research Centre. The findings are published in EClinical Medicine by The […]

Married, single, kids or not, participating in workforce may protect women’s memory


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Women who work in the paid labor force in early adulthood and middle age may have slower memory decline later in life than women who do not work for pay, according to a new study published in the November 4, 2020, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American […]

Will the Hardest-Hit Communities Get the Coronavirus Vaccine?


It is an idea that may never have been tried in wide-scale vaccine distribution: Citing principles of equity and justice, experts are urging that people living in communities hardest-hit by the pandemic, which are often made up of Black and Hispanic populations, get a portion of the first, limited supply of coronavirus vaccines set aside […]

Impacts of family structure on puberty onset in girls


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Girls who do not live with both parents from birth to age two may be at higher risk of starting puberty at a younger age than girls living with both parents, research published in the open access journal BMC Pediatrics suggests. The authors suggest that their findings support the hypothesis that […]

Racial, socioeconomic disparities in extensive-stage small cell lung cancer treatment


Credit: CC0 Public Domain A new study shows that Black individuals with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer are less likely to receive chemotherapy for their disease compared to white and other racial groups. Led by researchers at Boston Medical Center, the results indicate that individuals who are Black, elderly, uninsured, or have non-private health insurance […]

Weight-reduction surgery for severely obese adults may prevent second heart attack, death


Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain People with severe obesity (BMI >35) and a prior heart attack who undergo weight-reduction surgery may lower their risk of a second heart attack, major cardiovascular event, heart failure and death compared to people with similar medical histories who did not have weight-reduction surgery, according to new research published today in […]

Common treatment for diabetic macular edema not effective in Black individuals


Credit: CC0 Public Domain A medication frequently used to treat diabetic macular edema, which is the most common cause of blindness in people with diabetes, is less effective when used to treat the condition in Black patients, new study results show. Led by researchers at Boston Medical Center, the study demonstrated that Black patients were […]

Significant link found between air pollution and neurological disorders


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Air pollution was significantly associated with an increased risk of hospital admissions for several neurological disorders, including Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and other dementias, in a long-term study of more than 63 million older U.S. adults, led by researchers at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. The study, conducted with […]

Study offers global review of impact of COVID-19 on cancer treatment and research


This transmission electron microscope image shows SARS-CoV-2—also known as 2019-nCoV, the virus that causes COVID-19. isolated from a patient in the U.S., emerging from the surface of cells cultured in the lab. Credit: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases-Rocky Mountain Laboratories, NIH The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted virtually every aspect of cancer care and […]

Impact of HPV vaccination mandates on social inequalities


Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain A postdoctoral researcher at the University of California, Riverside, has discovered human papillomavirus, or HPV, vaccination mandates fall short of ensuring both higher levels of uptake and equal uptake of the vaccine across socioeconomic and racial-ethnic groups. The findings could help facilitate equal access to and compliance with uptake of COVID-19 […]

Black children more than twice as likely to die after surgical complications


Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain When it comes to surgery, minority children lag far behind white children, according to two analyses of large national databases being presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY 2020 annual meeting. One found Black children are more than twice as likely as white children to die following surgical complications that require an unplanned additional […]

No race difference found in COVID-19 mortality rates at same medical center


(HealthDay)—For admitted COVID-19 patients presenting to the same urban medical center, risk-adjusted outcomes were no worse for non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic patients versus non-Hispanic White patients, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in JAMA Network Open. Rafi Kabarriti, M.D., from the Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine in Bronx, New […]

Counties with persistent poverty rates experience higher rates of cancer deaths


Residents of counties that experience persistent poverty face a disproportionately high risk of cancer mortality, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. Persistent poverty means that a county has had poverty rates of 20 percent or more in U.S. Census data from […]

Your neighborhood may raise your risk of chronic kidney disease


Credit: CC0 Public Domain A neighborhood’s overall socioeconomic status, including income and education level, may influence its residents’ risk of chronic kidney disease, according to a study recently published in SSM Population Health by researchers from Drexel University’s Dornsife School of Public Health. Although previous studies have shown an association between individual socioeconomic status and […]

Resuming sexual activity soon after heart attack linked with improved survival


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Returning to usual levels of sexual activity within a few months after a heart attack is positively associated with long-term survival. That’s the finding of a study published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). “Sexuality and sexual activity are markers […]

Complications from diabetes linked to worse memory, IQ in children


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a serious but common complication of type 1 diabetes, is linked to lower IQ scores and worse memory in children with type 1 diabetes, according to a study led by UC Davis Health researchers. The study published Sept. 22 in Diabetes Care is also the first large-scale work […]

Vaping Links to Covid Risk Are Becoming Clear


Twenty-year-old Janan Moein vaped his first pen a year ago. By late fall, he was blowing through several THC-laced cartridges a week — more, he said, than most people can handle. Then in early December, he found himself in the emergency room of Sharp Grossmont Hospital in San Diego with a collapsed lung and a […]

Heart failure, hypertensive deaths rise in black women and men


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Deaths due to Heart failure and hypertensive heart disease are increasing in the U.S.—particularly in Black women and men—despite medical and surgical advances in heart disease management, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study. The study for the first time comprehensively characterizes mortality between 1999-2018 across a spectrum of heart disease types […]

Heart disease medications underused among Hispanic/Latino populations with PAD


Recommended medications for peripheral artery disease and coronary artery disease are underused among Hispanic and Latino people, according to new research published today in the Journal of the American Heart Association. Peripheral artery disease, or PAD, causes the arteries, which flow away from the heart, to narrow due to the buildup of plaque, and previous […]

Anxiety needs global health attention


Credit: CC0 Public Domain Led by King’s College London in collaboration with the University of Zimbabwe and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, and published in The Lancet’s EClinicalMedicine journal, the research examined a group of people with depression in Zimbabwe and found that people are nearly three times more likely to suffer […]

Are women getting incorrect treatment?


Recent research suggests that ignoring sex-specific risk factors of heart disease has resulted in women having a higher risk of dying from heart failure than men. Share on PinterestDifferences between men and women may mean that the latter do not receive the right treatment for heart conditions. A review published in Nature Medicine reveals an […]