Diseases affect brain’s networks selectively, BrainMap analysis affirms — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] The brain possesses a complex architecture of functional networks as its information-processing machinery. Is the brain’s network architecture itself a target of disease? If so, which networks are associated with which diseases? What can this tell us about the underlying causes of brain disorders? Building on the extraordinary progress in neuroscience made over the […]

Hepatitis C drugs combined with Remdesivir show strong effectiveness against COVID-19, study finds — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] A combination of remdesivir, a drug currently approved in the United States for treating COVID-19 patients, and repurposed drugs for hepatitis C virus (HCV) was 10 times more effective at inhibiting SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. The combination therapy points a way toward a treatment for unvaccinated people who become infected, as well […]

Watch-sized device analyses SWEAT to spot signs of the deadly ‘cytokine storm’

[ad_1] A device the size of a watch can analyse sweat and spot signs of an impending, and deadly, cytokine storm that is caused by Covid-19 and other infections. The phenomenon happens when chemicals in the bloodstream, called cytokines, multiply rapidly and run out of control.  These small chemicals are designed to restrict and control […]

An evolutionary history of compromises — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] Evolutionary anthropologists from the University of Vienna and colleagues now present evidence for a different explanation, published in PNAS. A larger bony pelvic canal is disadvantageous for the pelvic floor’s ability to support the fetus and the inner organs and predisposes one to incontinence. The human pelvis is simultaneously subject to obstetric selection, favoring […]

Lipid research may help solve COVID-19 vaccine challenges — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] New research by University of Texas at Dallas scientists could help solve a major challenge in the deployment of certain COVID-19 vaccines worldwide — the need for the vaccines to be kept at below-freezing temperatures during transport and storage. In a study published online April 13 in Nature Communications, the researchers demonstrate a new, […]

Brisk walking 5 times a week may combat brain aging, study suggests

[ad_1] A brisk walk around the block several times a week could do wonders to preserve a healthier mind – as well as body – as you age, a new study suggests.    In a year-long study conducted by University of Texas, Southwestern, researchers found that middle aged and older Americans scored higher on cognitive tests […]

New artificial neural network design can differentiate between healthy and diseased skin — ScienceDaily

[ad_1] The founding chair of the Biomedical Engineering Department at the University of Houston is reporting a new deep neural network architecture that provides early diagnosis of systemic sclerosis (SSc), a rare autoimmune disease marked by hardened or fibrous skin and internal organs. The proposed network, implemented using a standard laptop computer (2.5 GHz Intel […]

Pfizer, Moderna vaccines can protect against coronavirus variant, lab studies suggest

[ad_1] For the study, researchers at Pfizer and the University of Texas Medical Branch genetically engineered versions of the virus to carry some of the mutations found in B.1.351. They tested them against blood samples taken from 15 people who had received two doses of the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine as part of a clinical trial. While […]

‘Nobody Sees Us’: Testing-Lab Workers Strain Under Demand

[ad_1] In March, April Abbott dragged a hospital bed into her office at Deaconess Hospital in Evansville, Ind. In the nine months since, she has slept in it a half-dozen times while working overnight in her clinical microbiology laboratory, where a team of some 40 scientists toils around the clock running coronavirus tests. These all-night […]

Drinking blocks a chemical that promotes attention

[ad_1] Martin Paukert, M.D., of the Joe R. and Teresa Lozano Long School of Medicine at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, is studying astroglia cells and how they interact with neurons in the brain. Credit: UT Health San Antonio In a new paper, researchers from The University of Texas Health […]

Eating foods that promote inflammation may worsen heart failure

[ad_1] People with heart failure who eat a diet high in foods that cause inflammation are twice as likely to end up in the hospital or die as those who eat foods known to reduce inflammation, new research shows. “If people with heart failure can reduce the amount of pro-inflammatory foods that they eat, it […]

Want to understand health disparities? Get your antiracist goggles on

[ad_1] African American mom and daughter take a trip to the doctor’s office for an appointment. Credit: Dell Medical School When it comes to understanding why children from non-white race groups have such poor health outcomes compared with their white counterparts, it’s time for researchers to look beyond their genes and delve deeper into social […]

Researcher examines drug overdose mortality in the Hispanic community

[ad_1] Credit: CC0 Public Domain UTSA researcher Manuel Cano, assistant professor in the Department of Social Work in the UTSA College for Health, Community and Policy is shedding light to understand the topic of drug overdose deaths in the Hispanic community. In the article “Drug Overdose Deaths Among US Hispanics: Trends (2000-2017) and Recent Patterns” […]

SITC 2020: Positive klinische Daten für Kombinationstherapien bei Melanom und Lungenkrebs

[ad_1] Forschende des MD Anderson Cancer Center der University of Texas präsentierten an der Jahrestagung der Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) & Pre-Conference Programs (SITC 2020), welche vom 9. bis 14. November als Online-Konkress abgehalten wurde, in drei Sessions vielversprechende klinische Ergebnisse zu Kombinationsbehandlungen für Patienten mit Melanom und Lungenkrebs. Kombinierte Immuntherapie zeigt Aktivität […]

Cardiac arrest deaths are rising – especially among younger black adults

[ad_1] After declining steadily for more than a decade, new research shows the number of people dying from cardiac arrests is climbing. And the greatest increase is among young Black adults. The study, which is being presented Friday at the American Heart Association’s virtual Scientific Sessions, pulled data from 311,065 death certificates for Black and […]

Neue DZHK-Nachwuchsgruppe forscht zu Herzschwäche und Stoffwechselerkrankungen

[ad_1] Für die Hälfte aller Herzschwäche-Erkrankungen fehlen gute Behandlungsmöglichkeiten. Schätzungen zufolge leiden weltweit 37,7 Millionen Menschen an der Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction (HFpEF). Eine Nachwuchsgruppe erforscht nun die molekularen Abläufe bei dieser Form der Herzschwäche, um Ansatzpunkte für die dringend benötigten Therapien zu entwickeln. Dr. Gabriele Schiattarella erforscht ab November 2020 mit einer […]

COVID-19 infection rates low in people with rheumatic diseases, most report mild illness

[ad_1] Credit: CC0 Public Domain A new study shows that the COVID-19 infection incidence has been low in people with rheumatic diseases, and most of those infected experience a mild course of illness. Additionally, fatalities have been low among rheumatic disease patients infected with COVID-19. Details of this research was presented at ACR Convergence, the […]

Providing a safe environment for psychiatric patients during pandemic

[ad_1] Lokesh Shahani, MD, and Roshan Cherian, RN, wear PPE to work in a special COVID-19 unit at UTHealth Harris County Psychiatric Center. Credit: UTHealth The very heart of inpatient care for psychiatric patients is socialization, group therapy, shared meals, and a standard two people per room. Then COVID-19 hit with the accompanying public health […]

Coronavirus mutation may have made it more contagious: study

[ad_1] The number of virus strains present in each zip code in Houston during the second wave of COVID-19 cases in summer 2020. Number of strains is represented by a spectrum of colors from blue (0 strains) to red (50 strains). Credit: Houston Methodist/University of Texas at Austin. A study involving more than 5,000 COVID-19 […]

Acute kidney injury among African Americans with sickle cell trait and disease

[ad_1] Credit: CC0 Public Domain Sickle cell trait and sickle cell disease are risk factors for experiencing kidney function decline among Black individuals. A new study indicates that the risk of acute kidney injury is also higher in adults with sickle cell trait or disease, and it may play a role in the kidney function […]

Researchers create human airway stem cells from patients’ cells

[ad_1] Credit: CC0 Public Domain For the first time, researchers have successfully created airway basal stem cells in vitro from induced pluripotent stem cells by reprogramming blood cells taken from patients. Given that airway basal cells are defined as stem cells of the airways because they can regenerate the airway epithelium in response to injury, […]

New clinical guideline on radiation therapy for rectal cancer

[ad_1] Cancer — Histopathologic image of colonic carcinoid. Credit: Wikipedia/CC BY-SA 3.0 A new clinical guideline from the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) provides guidance for physicians who use radiation therapy to treat patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. Recommendations outline indications and best practices for pelvic radiation treatments, as well as the integration […]

Utilizing telemedicine in the ER can reduce wait times and patient length of stay

[ad_1] Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Telemedicine has become more common given the current global pandemic. COVID-19 has limited doctor’s office and hospital visits to ensure safety for everyone. But rather than diminish the quality of care, new research in the INFORMS journal Information Systems Research finds that increasing wider use of telemedicine in the emergency […]

Viral ‘molecular scissor’ is next COVID-19 drug target

[ad_1] The SARS-CoV-2-PLpro enzyme is visualized with an inset of viral inhibitor interaction. Blocking the enzyme’s effects may prove fruitful in stopping coronavirus infections. Credit: Shaun K. Olsen, PhD, laboratory at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (Joe R. and Teresa Lozano Long School of Medicine) American and Polish scientists, reporting […]

Researchers collaborate on universal antibody test for COVID-19

[ad_1] U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases researchers Laura Prugar (blue mask), Kathleen Huie (print mask) and Nicole Josleyn (purple mask) use a microneutralization assay and a high-throughput fluorescent imaging system to determine levels of neutralizing antibody to SARS-CoV-2 in convalescent patients. Credit: John W. Braun Jr., USAMRIID VIO Researchers with the U.S. […]

The Race for a Super-Antibody Against the Coronavirus

[ad_1] Even as vaccines are hailed as our best hope against the coronavirus, dozens of scientific groups are working on an alternate defense: monoclonal antibodies. These therapies shot to prominence just this month after President Trump got an infusion of an antibody cocktail made by Regeneron and credited it for his apparent recovery, even calling […]

After a Hospital Stay for Covid, Patients May Face Months of Rehabilitation

[ad_1] For some patients, like Mr. Washington, lifelong nerve damage can be a particularly devastating consequence of Covid-19. A study published in the British Journal of Anaesthesia this month found that nerve injuries were common among patients on ventilators because they are frequently placed face down in their hospital beds. This practice, called “proning,” improves […]

Why Male Baboons Benefit From Female Friends

[ad_1] In the shadow of Mount Kilimanjaro, baboons live out their daily dramas. They tussle, they mate, they care for their young. Some are loners and others have lots of friends. Now research has shown that those platonic relationships might be just as important as the relationships that make more baby monkeys. Male baboons live […]

Fending off asthma attacks during a pandemic

[ad_1] (HealthDay)—Falling leaves, pumpkins and apples are signs of fall. And so is asthma. Asthma attacks tend to increase in early autumn. During the coronavirus pandemic, it’s especially important for people with the disease to know how to prevent flare-ups, a lung expert says. “There are two different types of asthma flare-ups,” said Dr. Pushan […]

Childhood chemo alters heart’s caretaker cells, study finds

[ad_1] Gregory Aune, MD, PhD, and his team at the Greehey Children’s Cancer Research Institute, part of UT Health San Antonio, seek answers to the puzzle of why some children who receive chemotherapy go on to develop heart failure in adulthood. Credit: UT Health San Antonio Cancer chemotherapy changes the function of cells that repair […]

Tragbarer Sensor zur Überwachung des Krankheitsverlaufes bei CED entwickelt

[ad_1] Forscher der University of Texas in Dallas (USA) haben ein tragbares Gerät entwickelt, das im Schweiß von Patienten mit chronisch-entzündlichen Darmerkrankungen (CED) Biomarker identifizieren kann, die auf einen Krankheitsschub hindeuten können. Ein Team von Bioingenieuren beschreibt das armbanduhrenähnliche Gerät in einer Proof-of-Concept-Studie, die von der Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation finanziert und kürzlich in der […]

Faced with shortages, researchers combine heat and humidity to disinfect N95 masks

[ad_1] Credit: CC0 Public Domain As the COVID-19 pandemic swept around the world early this year, shortages of protective equipment such as N95 masks left healthcare workers little choice but to reuse the masks they had—increasing the risk of infection for both them and their patients. Now, researchers at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National […]

160 genes linked to brain shrinkage in study of 45,000 adults

[ad_1] Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain A new study implicates 160 genes in brain shrinkage seen on MRIs of 45,000 healthy adults. The shrinkage is in the cortex, the dimply outer layer of the brain that gives rise to thinking, awareness and action, and largely consists of gray matter. The study, published Sept. 22 in the […]

Team assessing if dual-antibody injection prevents COVID-19 illness

[ad_1] Colorized scanning electron micrograph of a cell (blue) heavily infected with SARS-CoV-2 virus particles (red), isolated from a patient sample. Image captured at the NIAID Integrated Research Facility (IRF) in Fort Detrick, Maryland. Credit: NIAID A combination antibody treatment for preventing COVID-19 illness in individuals who have had sustained exposure to someone with the […]

Forscher in der Radiologie erhält Sofja Kovalevskaja-Preis der Humboldt-Stiftung

[ad_1] Der Preisträger André Martins entwickelt am Universitätsklinikum Tübingen die biomedizinische Bildgebung des Stoffwechsels von Tumorzellen weiter. Seine Forschung soll neue Ansätze für die personalisierte Medizin liefern. Dr. André Martins aus der Radiologischen Universitätsklinik Tübingen ist einer der diesjährigen Träger des Sofja Kovalevskaja-Preises der Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung. Mit diesem Preis, einem der höchstdotierten Wissenschaftspreise in […]

BrainHealth’s SMART methodology helps patients make more informed treatment decisions

[ad_1] Researchers at Center for BrainHealth, part of The University of Texas at Dallas, collaborated with scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill to examine whether the Strategic Memory Advanced Reasoning Training (SMART) program affects people’s abilities to make informed decisions about their medical treatment options. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis, in particular, […]

Researchers advance technique to distinguish brain energy molecules

[ad_1] Credit: CC0 Public Domain Researchers at Center for BrainHealth, part of The University of Texas at Dallas, recently examined how cells in the brains of people at risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease make and use energy. Relationships between the brain’s energy metabolism and the risk of Alzheimer’s disease have been reported previously. But this […]

Think you have chemical intolerance? Answer three questions

[ad_1] Credit: CC0 Public Domain Intolerances to chemicals, foods and drugs impact 8%-33% of individuals, studies suggest, yet few people are screened for it at their doctors’ offices. To address this and increase awareness of chemical intolerance, researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (UT Health San Antonio) developed and […]